The Community Facilities Provision Social Policy Essay

Chapter I

Introduction

1.1 Foreword

Community installations is the of import component in one vicinity country because this sort of installations is the topographic point where the occupant used to make their life demands so this makes the community installations proviso is of import in give good life environment to the vicinity particularly is term of location and handiness. Other than that, community installations besides are the edifice or topographic point that provides a peculiar service such as school, vicinity store and resort area. Community installations besides must be located at the strategic topographic point and easy approachable to the people live in the vicinity.

1.2 Problem Statement

Nowdays, the proviso of community installations in Malaysia is still standardise for all type of neighbourhood country whether in high cost houses, medium cost houses or low cost houses because the guideline used to development the community installations is based on the guideline for populace installations which is produced by JPBD Malaysia. This proviso of community installations utilizing this guideline for today state of affairs is non suited because of nowday different vicinity country have different sort of populating status such as people in low cost country tends to hold different life styles compare to medium cost people, this state of affairs will act upon the usage of community installations in the vicinity country itself because of its location and handiness to the community installations. This causes some job to happen such as:

  1. Peoples in the neighbourhood country experience hard to make the community installations by walking particularly the medium cost houses country.
  2. Peoples in the medium cost lodging country take longer clip taken to make the community installations from the residential country comparison to low cost lodging country.
  3. Some of the neighbourhood deficiency of community installations.
  4. Climate affects the walking behavior of occupant to community installations.
  5. The community installations that provided in neighbourhood country are non good used and maintain.

1.3 Aim and Objective

The purpose of this survey is to bring forth the recommendation for guideline in bettering the proviso of community installations towards a walkable vicinity.

1.3.2Objective

In order to accomplish the survey purpose, there are a few aims stated, such as: –

  1. To look into and compared the walking behavior in low cost lodging country and medium cost lodging country to make the community installations.
  2. To look into safety factors that influence the walking experience in low cost lodging country and medium cost lodging country.
  3. To look into the convenience factors that influence the walking experience in low cost lodging country and medium cost lodging country.
  4. To suggest the recommendation of guidelines to increase the walkability to make the community installations in neighbourhood country.

1.4 Scope of Study

In order to accomplish the aim that is reference above, the range of survey demand to be identified. The of import facet that must be considered will find the restriction of this survey. The Scopess are as follows:

  1. Walking behavior of people from residential to the community installations is compared between the low cost lodging country with medium cost lodging country.
    1. From residential to neighbourhood store
    2. From residential to playground
    3. From residential to simple school
  2. The handiness of community installations is determined by investigated the answering sentiment on how to make the community installations from residential country.
  3. The location of community installations from the house in low cost lodging country and medium cost lodging country is quantify by walking distance within 0.4 kilometers and the clip taken to make the community installations.
  4. The family profile of people in low cost vicinity and medium cost neighbourhood country is analysed and the respondent are merely people age within the scope between 18 old ages old and above.
  5. The safety facet that influence the walking experience is analysed in term of security, motorist behavior and traversing exposure between the low cost lodging country and medium cost lodging country
  6. The convenience facet that influence walking experience is analysed in term ocular entreaty, prosaic comfortss and coverage and connectivity between the low cost lodging country and medium cost lodging country.
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1.5 Research Methodology

Methodology is a guideline and that can depict the procedure in obtaining all of the information of the survey. It besides can find the suited method in how the research will be conducted. In this survey, there are chiefly four phases involved which starts from the exploratory survey phase, follow with the informations aggregation and informations analysis phases and in conclusion the new proposal phase.

Phase 1: Background Study and Literature Review

This is the phase where the background of the survey and the literature reappraisal is being prepared because it is of import to understand the subject that has be chosen. Other than that, it is of import to look into the job of the survey country so that it can assist in make the purpose and aim of the survey and besides to do the early logical hypothesis. This theoretical survey phases besides is of import because it can assist in heightening the cognition and acquire a batch of information for this survey. Normally the theoretical survey is present stuffs and secondary informations beginning which can be in signifier of books, papers, study, diary, thesis, magazine, newspaper and cyberspace beginnings. The beginning of the secondary informations besides can be found from library, executive bureau office and cyberspace.

Phase 2: Field Survey

Data aggregation is phase where the field work survey is being done. Normally the informations that can be produce is the primary informations. Primary information is the natural information acquired through observation, interview, questionnaire and perceptual experience to the survey country. In this survey, the questionnaire is distributed utilizing certain figure of sample that has been calculated.

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The method used in ciphering sample for the questionnaire and the technique used in distributed the sample is good done to bring forth more accurate informations. The sample is ciphering based on the variable used for ciphering sample involved the entire population and interval mistake. The expression used are n = N/ ( 1+Ne & A ; sup2 ; ) .

The technique used in administering the sample for this survey is known as proportionate sampling and simple random trying. The proportionate sampling is the techniques utilizing the ratio of the population in determine the figure of sample demand to be used in low cost lodging country and medium cost lodging country with the entire population. The simple random sampling is the technique utilizing the figure of population and choice in the random way.

Phase 3: Datas Analysis and Finding

At this phase, all the informations will be analyse and determination is the merchandise of the survey. This phase is clear defined to find the failings of the site. Furthermore, the issues and job of the site country besides can be identified. Finding of this survey is really of import and utile to me to do the survey proposal successful.

Phase 4: Proposal

A proposal is made based on the determination of the survey. At this phase besides, the proposal can be design and proposed based on the end product of the analysis and the sum-up that have been done earlier.

1.6 Significant of Study

This survey is done because to cognize what is the deduction of public installations proviso toward the walking behavior of the people in the neighbourhood country. Analyse the walking behavior in the neighbourhood country is of import in determine are the people really walk to make their community installations and how far are they willing to walk to make it. This is of import because when people tend to walk to make the community installations in the vicinity, this show that the community installations is good used and non be abundant.

Other than that, this survey is of import because it can find the walkability of the vicinity between different neighbourhood country because normally people in low cost lodging country are more likely to walk comparison to people in medium cost lodging country. This happen because the denseness of the people and the handiness of car of the people in the country.

Furthermore, this survey besides helps in doing environment of the vicinity go the walkable environment because it can do people populating in the vicinity walk in order to make their life demand, increase the safety and security facet in the vicinity and do people more convenience and pleasant while walking.

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Other than that, the important of this survey is that it can assist in bettering the guidelines for vicinity construct. It besides likely can assist in upgrade the vicinity construct by Clarence Perry go new neighbourhood construct for the hereafter because even in the modernize epoch, the vicinity construct by Clarence Perry still been used for developing the vicinity country for lodging development.

1.7 Study Limitation

Basically there are restriction in making the research and primary and secondary informations roll uping during the study. The restrictions that have to be taken into consideration are: –

  1. The entire figure of sample can non be completed as it hard to happen answering because people are working and non in their house.
  2. The bigger interval mistake needs to be used in ciphering the sample because limited clip available.
  3. Showery twenty-four hours makes traveling to study demand to be postponed.

1.8 Case Study

The survey country is located in Section 7, Shah Alam and under the local authorization of Shah Alam City Council. The survey country covers 1080 unit of low cost houses and 566 unit of medium cost houses. The entire population for the low cost lodging country is 5400 people and the entire population for medium cost lodging country is 2830 people. The type of houses for low cost lodging country is level while the medium cost lodging is the patio houses. The country is chosen as the site country because Section 7 is has one of the biggest and newest low cost lodging strategies in Shah Alam and Section 7 is the lone subdivision that consist both type of houses which is the low cost lodging country and the medium cost lodging country located in one subdivision. Other than that, this site country besides is chosen because the community installations in most of the country are equal and available.

1.9 Study Work Schedule

Table 1.1: Study Work Schedule

Calendar month

January 2011

February 2011

March 2011

April 2011

Week

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Chapter 1 – Survey Outline

– Determined the purpose and aim of survey

– Identify job statement

– Determined the survey country for the survey

– Submission of Chapter 1

Chapter 2 – Literature Reappraisal

– Preparation the theoretical survey related to the instance survey

– Collection the secondary informations

– Preparation of questionnaire

– Submission of Chapter 2

Chapter 3 – Datas Collection

– Collection of primary informations and study

– Submission of Chapter 3

Chapter 4 – Analysis and Findingss

– Preparation of the survey analysis and findings

– Determination and find the current issues and

job at site

– Submission of Chapter 4

Chapter 5 – Summary and Proposal

– Preparation of survey sum-up and proposal

– Submission of Study Report ( Draft )

– Submission of Study Report ( Final )