The Atomic Bomb A Weapon Of Mass Destruction History Essay

Already 50 old ages have passed, and yet the bombardments of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are still in argument. No uncertainty, the atomic bomb is a terrorizing arm of mass devastation. Many would see the bomb as wholly inhumane as its effects were hideous. However, there are grounds as to why the atomic bomb was used. Although the two bombs killed many, it was necessary in that sort of state of affairs and in fact, really saved legion lives. The Americans were put in a state of affairs where they could take to utilize the atomic bomb and carry the Japanese to give up with minimum casualties, or prolong the war with ghastly conflicts on the islands of Japan which would ensue in both sides enduring greatly. The atomic bombardments of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were justified by the fact that Japan refused to give up unconditionally, and an invasion of the state would hold resulted in about a million casualties and lengthen the war by many months, while bombing the state resulted in less casualties and convey a speedy terminal to the war.

As World War II came to an terminal, America was fixing its concluding programs to repress Japan into an unconditioned resignation. Japan was nowhere near to give up, allow entirely unconditionally. The soldiers would decease supporting their fatherland to the last breath, and the civilians would instead perpetrate self-destruction and kill their kids than resignation ( Astore 52 ) . The civilians were told by the authorities that if they were to lose this war, they would be enslaved by America ( Terkel 70 ) . It was acknowledged by the universe that the Nipponese people had a traditionalist spirit and an utmost codification of award called Bushido, where decease is preferred over resignation, therefore bring oning their resignation would non be an easy undertaking ( Kagan 168 ) . Some of the Nipponese had already recognized that they were traveling to lose finally and had to give up at sometime, so the Nipponese governments proposed a 3-condition program under which they would hold to give up. The United States were besides discoursing whether or non they should allow the Japanese a negotiated peace alternatively of unconditioned resignation. Although some have debated that if the United States has accepted the 3-condition program for resignation, so both the bombardment of Japan and an invasion could be wholly avoided. Ex-President Herbert Hoover sent a memoranda to President Truman, in which documented that about half a million to a million lives would be saved if there was a negotiated peace pact with Japan. However, Harry S. Truman believed that if they gave the Nipponese footings of a negotiated peace, this action would be interpreted as failing ( Astore 53 ) . As seen in the old events which led up to World War II, calming did non fulfill Adolf Hitler, and in fact encouraged him to force for more ( commendation? ) . If the United States had granted Japan their want, the Nipponeses could be encouraged to inquire for more. With that option thrown out, the United States had to do Japan give up unconditionally.

Some have already argued that Japan was on the brink of give uping and there was no demand to continue with an invasion and drop the atomic bomb. The Nipponese air force was badly crippled and their naval forces was reasonably much obliterated. Due to this, Japan can non contend back against encirclements on the sea or support itself against air work stoppages. Along with this, Japan was besides running out of its limited resources, and was contending the Soviet Union, China, and America with no Alliess ( Stimson 45, The Atomic Bomb ) . However, even in such as disadvantageous state of affairs like this, Japan had no purpose of giving up. Their ground forces was reasonably integral and they had adequate kamikaze planes to do a great trade of harm. Intercepted Nipponese messages documented that the Japanese had 10,000 planes that were ready, with half of them being used as kamikaze ( Kagan 164 ) . Along with this, the Nipponese had placed many suicide pigboats, boats, and swimmers in the environing seas as defence ( Fussel 62-63 ) . The Nipponese clearly had no purpose of give uping at this point.

America had wanted to stop this war every bit shortly as possible, and merely Japan prevented the war from stoping. Prior to the dropping of the atomic bomb, the other option, a monolithic invasion of the state, was discussed. American functionaries have come to the decision that if this invasion were to be carried out, the estimated cost would be about a million casualties on the American side, and perchance more on the Nipponese side ( Stimson 43, The Atomic Bomb ) . The ground that this appraisal of casualties was so high was because the Japanese had to a great extent fortified their defence of their state, and strategically placed military personnels in the countries that they predicted the United States would occupy at foremost. Their anticipations were in fact reasonably accurate ( May 49 ) . Along with this, most of the Japanese were eager to give themselves for their state and embraced decease ( Fussell 62 ) . The Nipponese already had programs for a negotiated peace before larning about the invasion that the United States were be aftering to put to death. However, they did n’t desire to expose this program, because it would divide the state into two cabals. One cabal strived for peace, while the other decided to press on until decease ( Kagan 168 ) . Japan ‘s integrity and common belief was what held the state together despite unfavourable conditions. The invasion of the state provided an first-class chance for a decisive triumph against the United States. This triumph would raise the morale of the full state and it would be in a more favourable state of affairs to show their conditions for peace ( Kagan 168 ) . The Nipponese believed that if they could raise the estimated cost of the invasion by urgently supporting the state, the United States would possibly believe twice about the invasion, and possibly hold to footings of resignation in order to forestall the lives of so many Americans being lost ( May 49 ) . However, if the United States decided to transport out the invasion, the Nipponeses could besides utilize this opportunity as an chance to foster their programs for a negotiated peace. If the Japanese had a decisive triumph and caused adequate casualties on the American side by keeping off the invasion, possibly the Americans would give up and hold to footings of a negotiated peace ( May 49 ) . Either manner, the Nipponese wholly anticipated the invasion and were procrastinating for their negotiated peace to go through. If the invasion were to continue every bit intended, the war would hold lasted an extra nine to twelve months ( May 49 ) . In this clip period, non merely many more lives would be lost, but the Allied captives of war that were held confined in Nipponese custodies would decease ( Astore 54 ) .

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There were legion grounds why America had dropped the bomb. First of wholly, the chief ground that America had considered utilizing the atomic bomb was because presenting an invasion would take excessively long and would besides be a important sum of lives, both on the American side and on the Japanese ( May 49 ) . The 2nd ground was because the Japanese were inexorable in their attitude of non giving up, which is apparent from the fact that they were willing to give nevertheless many lives it took to support the state ( as seen from their kamikaze tactics ) . All old efforts to corrupt the state had failed ; the napalm firebombing of Japan caused great mayhem upon the metropoliss, yet it had no consequence on Nipponese morale. Merely the power of the atomic bomb would be likely daze the Japanese psychologically and set them into complete desperation and fright, and therefore bring on unconditioned resignation. The Japanese chose to strengthen their defences because they believed they could drive the encroachers and do the United States to lose morale, hence bring oning opportunities of a negotiated peace. However, with the debut of atomic arms, the invasion of Japan was no longer necessary, and several hundred 1000 lives would be saved on both sides. The atomic bomb was an promotion in engineering in which the Japan could non revenge against because they lacked the engineering to make so ( May 50 ) . The bombardments of both Hiroshima and Nagasaki had killed and injured a sum of about 285,000 people, compared to the one million casualties that an invasion of the state would hold caused ( Committee 97 ) . The point of the atomic bomb was non to kill as many Nipponese as possible. If that were true, so the United States may hold good merely continued the firebombings of Tokyo, or drop the atomic bomb on Tokyo alternatively of less populated countries such as Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were chosen as the marks for the atomic bombs because they were besides metropoliss which were of military importance. Hiroshima served as a military central office and storage, and was besides constructing ships and armaments. Nagasaki contained a major seaport and legion industrial mills crucial to the war attempt ( Stimson, The Atomic Bomb 50 ) . The ground that President Truman decided to drop the bomb was to stop the war every bit speedy as possible and besides forestall more lives from being lost ( May 51 ) . Droping the bomb killed a few thousand Nipponese, but it ended the war without any farther casualties. Get downing an invasion would bring down around a million casualties to the United States and perchance more on the Nipponese side. Between an invasion and the usage of the atomic bombs, the bombs could be seen as the “ lesser of two immoralities ” .

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With the options weighed and the determination eventually made, President Truman issued the order to drop the first atomic bomb, “ Small Boy ” , on Hiroshima ( Diehl and Moltz 6 ) . After the bomb was dropped, President Truman announced the Potsdam Declaration and requested Japan ‘s unconditioned resignation. The Nipponese Supreme Council held a meeting and discussed what was to come next. One-half of the council pushed for continuance of the war, and the other half moved to accept the footings of the Potsdam Declaration, with the status that Japan is allowed to allow the Imperial line maintain their sovereignty over the state ( May 50 ) . But what America had in head was unconditioned resignation, and they would non accept Japan ‘s one-condition proposal. Three yearss subsequently after the bombardment of Hiroshima, “ Fat Man ” was dropped upon Nagasaki. It was so that Japan had eventually accepted the Potsdam Declaration and surrendered unconditionally. By dropping the two bombs in speedy sequence, the Japanese were put in a mentality that the United States had many more of these awful arms, and could wholly destruct Japan if they continued to defy.

Some have argued that the bombardment of Hiroshima could be justified, but utilizing a 2nd atomic bomb on Nagasaki was unneeded. The Japanese were merely given three yearss before they were bombed once more. This was non plenty for the Nipponese to do the determination to give up due to their bureaucratic authorities system, which was slow in doing determinations. If more clip was given to the Japanese, so they could perchance hold surrendered and a 2nd bomb would non hold been needed ( Astore 52 ) . However, this was non the instance, as the Minister of War, General Korechika Anami, attempted to wheedle the state into believing that what merely exploded over Hiroshima and vaporized 80,000 people immediately was merely a Mg bomb. Others claimed that America had used their lone bomb at that place, or if they still had more, the states around the universe would halt the United States from utilizing this terrorizing arm ( Kagan 172 ) .

The ground that two bombs were necessary to bring on the resignation of Japan was because emperor Hirohito could non convert the Nipponese military to give up before so ( May 50 ) . A batch Nipponese were still inexorable in contending to the terminal, and resignation seemed far off. The state, fed with propaganda from the authorities and brainwashed into an dogged mentality, believed that there was no manner Japan could lose ( Kagan 172 ) . If he tried to convert the ground forces to give up so, the authorities would divide between the 1s who wanted peace and the 1s who wanted war. The citizens of Japan would hold turned against him every bit good and be disgusted that the unbeatable emperor had surrendered ( May 50 ) . When two bombs dropped in speedy sequence, the Japanese were wholly terrified. Minister of War Anami was convinced that “ the Americans appear to hold 100 atomic bombaˆ¦ they could drop three per twenty-four hours. ” ( Kagan 172 ) Fearing that farther bombs would drop on Japan and destruct their state, the Japanese were nem con convinced to give up unconditionally. Emperor Hirohito so took this chance to talk up and convert the armed forces that the war is over and the Japan had lost ( May 50 ) .

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Another option besides the atomic bomb and an invasion was besides discussed. Some people have proposed that the United States should go on the bombardment foraies and obstructing Japan. The Soviet Union had besides entered into the war against Japan at this clip, and these three factors would likely be plenty to convert the Nipponese to give up ( Astore 54 ) . However, as can be observed evidently, the Japanese did non stir at all in the yesteryear when they were being bombed to a great extent and deceasing of famishment, so go oning the tactics used in the yesteryear would non impact Japan ‘s determination to give up whatsoever. The option of making a presentation of the atomic bomb without killing anyone was besides discussed, nevertheless, Stimson, the Secretary of War, dismissed this tactic because he was worried that if the bomb did non detonate or things did non travel as expected, so the Nipponese spirit would merely be strengthened, and it would besides take away the component of surprise ( Astore 53 ) .

Although the Nipponese naval forces and air force were well crippled, their ground forces was still reasonably integral, and was determined to travel all-out on defence ( Stimson, The Atomic Bomb 42 ) . Thousands of Americans would decease in blockading and bombardment Japan because Japan had a really effectual defence system which relied upon suicide bombers in both sea and air. Besides, as the war dragged on, many other Allied captives of war continued to decease in Nipponese custodies ( Astore 54 ) . Although one could reason that the usage of the atomic bomb was immoral as its power caused monolithic devastation, they must retrieve that this is a war. There is no different between killing person by hiting them or by bombing them.

As can be seen, the Japanese were nowhere near to surrendering, and were doing readyings to contend to their last breath. Their defences were inexpensive and effectual and their soldiers ready to decease. It was more of the attitude and spirit of the Nipponese that gave them strength than their ground forces. As shown, other options besides the mass invasion would truly hold no considerable consequence on doing Japan resignation, which leaves a mass invasion as the lone other alternate. With the Japanese seting up a steel wall of defence, interrupting through the lines would necessitate considerable sum of clip and human attempt. With so many American soldiers dead, Truman could n’t perchance afford to allow more Americans dice. The United States have given Japan multiple times to give up, and the issue of the Potsdam Declaration was their last warning. The Japanese ignored their last opportunity to give up, and therefore, Truman gave the orders to drop the atomic bomb. Would it be better to drag on the war for a twosome of months, while giving 1000s of lives on both sides each twenty-four hours, or would it be better to hold ended their war every bit rapidly as possible with a few forfeits on one side? If you were a leader of your ain state, and you had merely the trump card you think would stop the war and salvage your state 1000s or 1000000s of lives, would you hold considered playing that trump card? How would the people of United States have looked at Truman, if subsequently on when the war was over, he told the state that he had merely the thing to stop the war and prevent 1000s of lives from deceasing, but did non utilize it? As Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson said himself, “ no adult male, in our place. . . keeping in his custodies a arm. . . for carry throughing this intent and salvaging those lives, could hold failed to utilize it and afterwards looked his countrymen in the face. ” ( Stimson, Making and Using 137 ask ) . Given the circumstance that the United States was in, there is no uncertainty that any leader in President Truman ‘s place would hold dropped the atomic bomb in order to stop the war every bit fast as possible.