Bondage has been one of human history’s most important issues. It deprived adult male of freedom and undermined his human rights. The issue of bondage began with the slave trade in the Atlantic Ocean. Slaves were taken from Africa and sent to different parts of the Earth. The conditions in which these slaves were transported were highly rough and inhumane. The barbarous nature of this finally caused the outgrowth of the abolitionist motion. which sought to stop black captivity. This motion proved successful in its chosen enterprise. Today. bondage is no longer an establishment.
The Abolitionist Movement
The issue of bondage has been of extreme importance in universe history. In the United States of America entirely. bondage was the primary ground behind the struggle between the Northern and Southern provinces. The struggle finally caused the happening of the American Civil War. The nature of bondage has ever been a controversial 1. It was that which undermined human rights. morality and freedom. Because of this. the abolitionist motion was formed. This research paper aims to discourse the abolitionist motion in general: its aims. every bit good as its causes and effects. This paper besides seeks to exhibit the importance and influence of Frederick Douglass in the said motion.
The abolitionist motion was an association which existed in 18Thursdayand 19Thursdaycenturies with the exclusive aim of reform ( Harrold. 2008 ; Stewart. 1992 ) . It was besides referred to as the antislavery motion ; this was because the motion sought to carry through one major end: the terminal or abolishment of the bondage which Africans and other people of African descent experience throughout the universe. Another end of the motion was to set a halt to the slave trade that occurred between Europe. America and Africa through the Atlantic Ocean ( Harrold. 2008 ) .
The historical beginnings of the abolitionist motion can be traced to the resistance of the black population to the establishment of bondage ( Harrold. 2008 ) . The said resistance began in the 15Thursdaycentury when African slaves began to kill either their European employers or themselves. While there was opposition to slavery. there was besides opposition to its abolishment.
In America. the abolishment of bondage was opposed because it undermined economic stableness and security. To get down with. bondage was considered of import as slaves provided the work force needed in the plantations of America. Besides. if bondage was so abolished. those who supported slave labour would fear for their lives ; the freedom of the slaves meant that the employers could be attacked in retaliation ( Harrold. 2008 ) .
The outgrowth of the abolitionist motion had its roots in the Atlantic slave trade ( Harrold. 2008 ) . The trade originated in Africa in the center of the 15Thursdaycentury until the 19Thursdaycentury. It started when bargainers from Portugal bought several groups of slaves from Africa and brought them to be sold in Spain and Portugal. By the 18Thursdaycentury. Britain was the state taking in slave trade. Over 10 million African slaves were transported to America ; one million of those slaves died before making the finish ( Harrold. 2008 ) .
The abolitionist motion existed because of the rough conditions in which the slaves were subjected to ( Harrold. 2008 ) . When slaves are transported in ships. they suffered greatly: they were bound by ironss. branded like animate beings. cramped in tight infinites and maltreated by the crew.
Once purchased by employers. these slaves were stripped of their rights. were subjected in further atrocious conditions and were required to execute hard undertakings. Even under such inhumane fortunes. the white opposition to slavery began with small advancement. One of the factors which contributed to this was the perceptual experience that inkinesss were inferior in all facets compared to their white opposite numbers. It was the 18Thursdaycentury which ushered in important development in the abolitionist motion ( Harrold. 2008 ) .
By the 18Thursdaycentury. the slaves were get downing to contend back ( Harrold. 2008 ) . However. their attempts were directed at puting themselves free as opposed to stoping bondage as an establishment. Slaves frequently escaped. making maroon populations in the procedure. It was at this point when the white community began to admit the inhibitory nature of bondage ( Harrold. 2008 ) .
The white peoples who foremost resisted bondage in Europe were the Quakers ( Harrold. 2008 ; Stewart. 1992 ) . Besides known as the people who constituted the Society of Friends. the Quakers upheld the belief of equality of work forces in God’s eyes. Despite the differences in skin colour. all work forces are equal. It was this belief which was instrumental in act uponing the initial attempts against bondage. As portion of their committedness to stop bondage. the Quakers foremost sought to halt slave trading in their ain community.
In 1783. the Religious society of friendss in Britain created the really first society against slavery-theLondon Committee to Abolish the Slave Trade. In the United States. it was besides the Religious society of friendss which started the protagonism against abolishment. However. abolitionism in American merely intensified during the American Revolution. Some of the Establishing Fathers besides resisted slaveholding because they thought it was contrary to the Declaration of Independence ( Stewart. 1992 ) . These people included Benjamin Franklin. Thomas Paine and Alexander Hamilton ( Stewart. 1992 ) .
The consequence of the abolitionist motion was really important in human history. The most relevant consequence of the motion was the terminal of bondage as a human establishment ( Harrold. 2008 ) . It liberated the black population from a life of forced service. Slavery as an establishment became disused in the Americas and Europe by the 19Thursdaycentury ; it was lawfully abolished in Africa by the 20Thursdaycentury. The abolitionist motion allowed the protagonism for human rights and freedom. Last. it paved the manner for motions in support of racial justness. such as the resistance to segregation of the races ( Harrold. 2008 ) .
One of the most influential figures of the abolitionist motion was Frederick Douglass. Douglass is non merely a well-known leader of the abolitionist motion. but besides an writer. journalist and speechmaker ( Finkelman. 2008 ; Merriman. 2008 ) . Born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey. he was a kid of a slave in Maryland.
He was born a slave. as the jurisprudence dictates that kids assumed the same position as their female parents ( Finkelman. 2008 ) . At a immature age. he learned to read with the aid of Sophia Aud. a relation of his maestro. He besides self-studied utilizing the books of Aud’s boy. At the age of 13. he purchased his first book entitledThe Columbian Orator. It was in this book where he learned about bondage and the people’s built-in right to be free. More significantly. it was in this book where Douglass learned how to go a great speechmaker ( Finkelman. 2008 ) .
Douglass came to New York. and finally changed his name ( Finkelman. 2008 ) . He chose the family name Douglass. which was derived from a character in Sir Walter Scott’sThe Lady of the Lake. Soon. he became known for his singular oration ; whenever he narrated his life experiences. he moved his audiences with his words about the adversities of bondage. His oration was the most important tool he used as an emancipationist. In fact. his addresss made such an impact abroad that some of his British familiarities bought his freedom ( Finkelman. 2008 ) .
Douglass’ function in the abolitionist motion was besides strengthened by his lifes ( Finkelman. 2008 ) . The first of his three lifes.Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. was a relevant history of bondage by a slave. It became a important beginning as it provided critical information about bondage ( Finkelman. 2008 ) . It was Douglass’ endowment in oration and authorship that made him of import in the abolitionist motion. Through the words he wrote and the addresss he recited. he influenced people to stand against bondage because of the personal tests he went through as a slave. He made the people aware of the barbarous nature of bondage. lending to the success of the abolitionist motion.
The abolitionist motion was established in chase of reform. Its chief aim was to stop the captivity of the inkinesss in Europe. the Americas and Africa. The outgrowth of the motion was a response to break one’s back trading and the utmost conditions in which the slaves suffered. The abolitionist motion was started by the Society of Friends or the Religious society of friendss in Britain.
They began the motion by opposing slave trade by their fellow bargainers. In America. it was besides the Religious society of friendss who started forcing for the abolishment of bondage. One of the most important personalities in the motion was Frederick Douglass. A skilled author and speechmaker. he exposed the rough world of bondage with his ain personal experiences as a slave. This allowed him to presume a polar function in the motion. The abolitionist motion was so successful in its aim. as bondage no longer exists as nowadays.
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Merriman. C. D. ( 2008 ) . Frederick Douglass.Online Literature. Retrieved September 13. 2008. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. online-literature. com/frederick_douglass/
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