Spanish Myths, And Legends Essay Sample

The “Lady in Blue” The “Lady in Blue” is a popular Spanish fable in the Southwest and peculiarly New Mexico. The fable of the lady started with New Mexico Indians in the seventeenth century and remains popular today.

The “Lady in Blue” was in fact a existent person””Maria de Jesus de Agreda. or Sor Maria. as she was called. Sor Maria founded the Convent of the Immaculate Conception at Agreda.

Sor Maria had a really strong repute throughout Spain for her wisdom and holiness. every bit good as her mystical and spiritual Hagiographas.

After July 1643. Sor Maria became widely known for a more of import ground. It was during this month. on the manner to Aragon. that King Phillip IV stopped at Sor Maria’s convent. Following the visit. the two exchanged letters often for 22 old ages. She became Phillip’s confidante and adviser.

The fable of the “Lady in Blue” begins with the fact that Sor Maria ne’er left Spain.

However. harmonizing to the fable. she made over 500 visual aspects to the Indians of New Mexico. Sor Maria flew with the aid of angels to New Mexico and spoke with the Apaches and Jumanos in their ain linguistic communication in efforts to proselytise them. The “Lady in Blue” urged the indigens to speak to the Franciscans””she had to stay unseeable to them.

The fable holds that Sor Maria possessed bilocation. or the gift of being in two topographic points at one clip. During her visits. she was in a province of rapture. The nuns of her convent wore bright bluish wonts. hence the name the “Lady in Blue. ” Many old ages after her visit. Sor Maria began holding uncertainties that her physical organic structure went to New Mexico. She so claimed that it was simply her spirit. The Indians she visited continued to retrieve her visits many old ages subsequently.

The Black Legend The Black Legend of the Spanish in America has existed for many centuries. This fable has done much to destruct the celebrity of the Spanish during the Age of Discovery. Created through the recordings of authors such as Las Casas. the Black Legend tells of the mistreatment of the Amerindian population by the Spanish. Although the bulk of the events described in the Black Legend are true. this narrative does little to explicate the justifications of the Spanish.

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During the clip of geographic expedition. the Spanish conquistadors were greatly influenced by the Catholic Church. Because of Catholic purposes to proselytise all pagans. Spanish adventurers were under duty to make so. Upon geting in the Americas. the Spanish found different folks of Amerindians. While some were friendly and suiting. others were hostile. Although great atrociousnesss were committed by the Spanish towards the Amerindian population. it is necessary to recognize that some actions were sanctioned by the Spanish Crown in order to support the Catholic Church.

Today. the Black Legend does much to minimize the achievements of the Spanish during the Age of Discovery. Although no account can to the full warrant Spanish actions towards the Amerindians. one must besides take into history the maltreatment inflicted on them by other European states every bit good.

Antilia: Isle of the Seven Cities Antilia. as the fable goes. was discovered and settled in 734AD by seven Lusitanian bishops and “other Christians. work forces and adult females. who had fled there from Spain by ship. together with their cowss. belongings and goods. ” After the Moors defeated the last Visigothic male monarch. Don Rodrigo. at the Battle of Salamanca. this group escaped the Iberian Peninsula to seek their lucks elsewhere. They longed for an idyllic topographic point. where they were free to idolize in the Christian religion without intervention from the “African pagan. ” The fabulous island was rectangular in form and was. harmonizing to the Pizzi Nautical Chart of 1424. about the size of Ireland.

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The chart besides shows the names of its seven metropoliss: Asay. Ary. Vra. Jaysos. Marnlio. Ansuly. and Cyodne. Bartholome las Casas. in his Historia de las Indias. confirmed the being of Antilia and stated that in one of Columbus’s notebooks he found the narrative of a storm-driven ship which landed at the isle of the Seven Cities sometime in the fifteenth Century. The ship’s crew was surprised to happen the island inhabited by Lusitanian talking indigens. who urged the crewmans to stay on the island and unrecorded amongst its people. The crewmans declined. Another narrative. from Antonio Galvao. besides confirmed the presence of the island and its Lusitanian dwellers. who were funny about how the homefolks were making against the Moors.

Narratives such as these prompted work forces like Columbus and. subsequently. Coronado. to seek out the elusive Seven Cities of Antilia. regardless of the cost in clip. work forces. and fundss. They were certain the island was out at that place. skulking someplace in the brumous creases of the Atlantic.

The fable was so deep-rooted in European society that most believed Columbus had found Antilia when he landed in the West Indies ( the island group shortly took the name. Antilles ) . John Cabot. when he landed in New England in 1497. named the country the “Seven Cities” .

Beginning: The European Discovery of America: The Northern ocean trips. A. D. 500-1600 by Samuel Eliot Morison Strait of Anian Christopher Columbus began the hunt for an all-water path to Asia in 1492. After Columbus’s ocean trips to the New World. Spain sent legion adventurers with three chief aims: Religious figures attempted to change over the indigens to Christianity.

Conquistadors sought gold and Ag.

Columbus’s original intent of happening an all-water path to the Orient was non lost.

As the Spanish explored the Americas with these three ends. a rumour spread which motivated the hunt for an all-water path to the Far East. The rumour described a waterway that Spaniards referred to as the Strait of Anian. The Spanish believed that the Strait of Anian was the concealed transition that a ship could take from Europe to Asia by sailing through America. It was besides believed that rich civilisations existed along the Strait. The Spanish wanted to happen the path foremost so they could command the transition to the Orient.

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A assortment of beginnings led to the myth of the Strait of Anian. One beginning was fray Andres de Urdaneta who had merely found a successful path across the Pacific from Manila to Mexico. Urdaneta told a fellow Spaniard in the New World. Pedro Menendez de Aviles. that he felt that the Strait existed someplace in the northern Gulf of the continent. As a consequence of his conversation with Urdaneta. Menendez sent a group North in the New World in hunt of the Strait of Anian. It was in this mode that the rumour of the Strait of Anian influenced geographic expedition of the New World. No expedition found such a transition until the early 20th century when a group sailed through the Arctic Ocean from Europe to Asia.

The Amazon Queen’s Island Hernan Cortes completed his conquering of Mexico in 1521. Following his conquering. King Charles V instructed Cortes to seek for the Strait of Anian. Cortes had extra desires for geographic expedition. as he wanted to happen the Amazon Queen’s Island. He had heard rumours of the island which was purportedly inhabited by adult females merely. The Amazons were alleged to possess great wealth including immense measures of pearls. Rumor had it that the Amazon adult females sought work forces one time a twelvemonth for the intent of perpetuating their race. Other adventurers besides searched for the fabulous Amazon Queen’s Island. All attempts were in vain as the Island of the Amazons was simply a myth.