There are three primary sociological theories that are discussed in the first chapter of our text edition. These three theories are the Structural Functionalist. the Conflict Theorists. and the Symbolic Interactionists. The first theory is structural functionalism. Within this theory there was sociologist that had beliefs in how this theory could be viewed. Auguste Comte. called the male parent of sociology. believed that societies have different phases of development that coincide with what they believe in. His perceptual experience of positivism is that there is nil that can non be studied accurately if the right methods are employed ( Vissing. 2011 ) . Comte and Emile Durkheim were credited with the creative activity of the structural-functionalist theory. This theory focuses on societal constructions and the being to carry through some specific map ( Vissing. 2011 ) . They view society as working best when there is understanding about the societal values and norms. In other words. functionalist did non desire to sway the boat. Other theoretician that contributed to this theory. are Herbert Spence. Max Weber. Talcott Parsons. and Vilfredo Parento.
The 2nd theory is Conflict. Conflict theorists focal point on societal inequality and group struggle. Conflict theories are positions in societal scientific discipline which emphasize the societal. political or material inequality of a societal group. These theoreticians feel that most societal jobs emerge because our society is divided into those who have wealth. prestigiousness. and power. and those who don’t. Harmonizing to Karl Marx society was divided into two categories of people: the middle class. the rich and elect capitalist category. and the labors. the underpaid on the job category. To Marx. most societal jobs were created because the wealthy focused on their acquisition of net income and power. which came about through actions of other people. In order to maintain workers in their topographic point and heighten the opportunities of their ain economic and societal benefits. Marx felt that the middle class had to besides act upon the ways that the labors viewed themselves.
The 3rd theory is the Symbolic Interactionists. The symbolic interaction theory focuses on how people make sense of interactions in specific state of affairss ( Vissing. 2011 ) . Besides on how we react to things that are labeled that are influenced by societal interaction. George Herbert Mead and Herbert Blumer believed that how we view others is a procedure of personal creative activity. In other words. it is non how we act but how we react ( Vissing. 2011 ) . George Homans and Peter Blau studied how our societal interactions are frequently motivated by what we stand to derive or lose from one another. Their work. called societal exchange analysis. helps us understand why people are nicer to person who could assist them. than to those who they deem non of import ( Vissing. 2011 ) . Erving Goffman focused on how we turn into histrions and actresses in societal state of affairss. How we can travel out of our manner in order for others to acquire a certain feeling of the person. He talks about front-stage. how we act in forepart of others. and back-stage. how we act behind closed doors. behaviour ( Vissing. 2011 ) .
Vissing. Yttrium. ( 2011 ) . Sociology and Why It’s Important. In Y. Vissing. Introduction to Sociology ( p. 5-6. 10-11 ) . San Diego: Bridgepointe Education. Inc.