Slavery Used Legal, Religious, and Economic Arguments to Defend the Institution Essay Sample

Throughout the history of the United States. there have ever been struggles between the North and the South. Basically throughout the 1900s. the North and South acted slightly childishly towards each other about different subjects. As the North became more industrialised and self sufficient. the South stayed behind and depended to a great extent on other states for manufactured goods in exchange for cotton. The North felt superior to the South. and the South was non pleased about that. Although most Northerners didn’t attention much for bondage. there were smatterings that were emancipationists and attacked the South on their “backwards” economic system that depended on bondage. In the South. non everyone was a slave owner as one may believe ; there were really more non slave owners than slave owners merely because slaves were expensive “property that merely the wealthier Southerners could afford.

Although many Southerners didn’t ain slaves. they still did non assail the establishment of bondage. Why? The reply is simple. many non-slaveholders hoped to go slave owners one twenty-four hours. They besides accepted the racialist ways on which bondage was based. Both Southern slave owners and non-slaveholders didn’t like the thought of emancipation merely because they feared that inkinesss might believe themselves equal with Whites and back so. that seemed pathetic. They concluded that emancipation would do a race war and were hence against any kind of abolishment of bondage. This is why the protagonists of bondage used legal. spiritual. and economic-2-arguments to support the establishment. they were merely accustomed to the lifestyle bondage provided for them and they weren’t traveling to allow it travel without a battle.

The protagonists of bondage knew how to support the establishment good. particularly when it came to legal rights. How could they protect the establishment of bondage in their favour while utilizing something that was common land with the North as good? Southerners used the common land of the fundamental law and used one of the amendments. the fifth amendment. to protect their establishment. The 5th amendment provinces: “No individual shall be held to reply for a capital. or otherwise ill-famed offense. unless on a notification or indictment of a Grand Jury. except in instances originating in the land or naval forces. or in the Militia. when in existent service in clip of War or public danger ; nor shall any individual be capable for the same discourtesy to be twice put in hazard of life or limb ; nor shall be compelled in any condemnable instance to be a informant against himself. nor be deprived of life. autonomy. or belongings. without due procedure of jurisprudence ; nor shall private belongings be taken for public usage. without merely compensation.

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“The Southerners used a rigorous reading of the jurisprudence and argued that slaves were their belongings and that emancipationists could non liberate their slaves because it would be in misdemeanor of the fifth amendment. Even though slave owners would be offered because of the compensation. they felt that it would non be plenty in return for them holding to liberate their slaves because their whole manner of life depended on bondage. since they were nowhere nigh every bit industrialized as the South. The lone compensation the Southerners could believe of was colonising the slaves in Africa. because so they wouldn’t have to worry about the slaves believing they were the same as Whites. The job with this was of class that it was unrealistic in the sense that there were 1000000s of slaves and many of them had ne’er been to Africa so it wouldn’t make sense to direct them at that place. Since-3-supporters of bondage proverb this as the lone valid compensation. and since it wasn’t possible. they kept supporting the establishment.

Another manner they used a legal statement to protect bondage was during the Dred Scott vs. Sandford instance. Dred Scott was a slave that sued for his freedom. reasoning that since he had been in both a free province and a free district he had become lawfully free. and could non hold afterwards gone back to being a slave. He claimed that it was illegal for him to go a slave once more because it violated the Missouri Compromise and the Northwest Ordinance. This of class would be true if Scott had been a citizen but harmonizing to the determination of the Supreme Court. all inkinesss. slaves or non. could ne’er be citizens of the United States hence Scott’s statement wasn’t legitimate. The 2nd portion of the opinion stated that Congress did non hold the authorization to forbid bondage in federal districts.

As one can see. the opinion came out in favour of the defenders of bondage because they even if Scott had a legitimate statement. he would non hold won the instance either manner because the Missouri Compromise ( which prohibited bondage in the Wisconsin Territory ) was unconstitutional. It reverted back to saying that the via media violated the 5th amendment. which was the protection of belongings. which if interpreted purely would include slaves. This was a smart maneuver to utilize in protecting bondage because both the North and the South had to follow with the Constitution. by construing it purely. the South claimed to hold a right of maintaining their slaves because they were belongings.

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-4-Another manner protagonists of bondage used a common land to support the establishment was through faith. Both the North and the South had established churches and since they all had the same instructions. they could reason that bondage was a holy right due to the fact that it is referred to as so in the Bible. They used statements from the book of St. Paul and made mentions to Abrahamic tradition. They used a mention from St. Paul that clearly stated that bondage was a godly thing and that slaves were put on this Earth to obey their Masterss because it was their holy right. The other statement used was the Abrahamic tradition and how slaves were immoveable pieces of belongings.

They stated that slave keeping wasn’t condemned in the Bible and master-slave relationships were superior to the Northern free labour system of employer-employee relationships. Supporters of bondage argued God recognized the relation between a slave and his maestro ; therefore bondage could non be iniquitous. Slaves were merely godly belongings and protagonists came up with pathetic statements affecting faith to protect it. By utilizing Biblical mentions. they stated that Abraham was God’s favourite patriarch that was a great slave owner. Since faith was something that could non be messed with. emancipationists knew better than to oppugn the Bible because it would do them look bad and un-American.

Traveling back to how the North was more industrialised than the South. the protagonists found a manner to hit the North down. Since the Northerners felt superior to the South because they were industrialized. the Southerners found a manner to hit them off their high Equus caballus and made defects in their industrialisation visible to the populace. More-5-specifically. they made the establishment of bondage seem epicurean compared to how free workers were being treated in the North. The protagonists made mentions to pay bondage. which described Northern workers. This term merely meant that Northern workers were lawfully voluntarily employed but were fundamentally slaves. except the Southerners ensured that bondage was seen as better than pay bondage.

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They argued that because slaves were belongings. they were treated better than the mean Northern worker because even in old age the maestro would feed and dress his slave while the Northern worker could be fired and discarded at any clip merely because they weren’t belongings and the employer could care less about what happened to them.

As one can clearly see. the protagonists of bondage found oblique ways to support their establishment. By utilizing common land like the Constitution and faith. the protagonists used them to their advantage because the North could non reason against things they both complied with. The Fundamental law was the supreme jurisprudence of the land and if purely interpreted. was a great advantage to the South. Religion was besides to the South’s advantage because it was a great power throughout the land every bit good and the common instructions couldn’t be changed because they were printed in the Bible which was the supreme jurisprudence of faith.

By comparing their establishment to the North’s establishment of free-labor. the South made slavery expression good by saying that Masterss took attention of their belongings because it was their legal right as stated in the fifth amendment. unlike the North that could apparently care less about their difficult working employees. In a sense. the pro-slavery Southerners made it practically impossible for the emancipationists to happen a solid statement against bondage. Without the Constitution and Religion. they couldn’t use the-6-argument of bondage being unconstitutional or morally incorrect. They besides could non province that it was atrocious because the Masterss made it look as if their slaves were treated good on a twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours footing.


1. Eaton. Clement. The Growth of Southern Civilization. 1790-1860. 19612. Heyrman. Christine Leigh. Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt. 19973. Kolchin. Peter. American Slavery. 1619-1877. 19934. Information on South Search ( Google ) . Online. Internet at hypertext transfer protocol: //docsouth. unc. edu/browse/subject/c. html5. Boyer. Clark. Kett. Salisbury. Sitkoff. Woloch. The Enduring Vision. Houghton-Mifflin. 2004.

6. Dred Scott Case Search ( Yahoo ) . Online. Internet at hypertext transfer protocol: //library. wustl. edu/vlib/dredscott/7. The Fifth Amendment Search ( Google ) . Online. Internet at
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. jurisprudence. Cornell. edu/constitution/constitution. billofrights. html8. Engage Slavery Search ( Dictionary ) . Online. Internet at hypertext transfer protocol: //dictionary. mention. com/browse/wage % 20slavery