Sectional tenseness began when the North and the South had really different sentiments on whether to hold slaved provinces or free provinces. The North were against holding enslaved people. and were a free state. The South supported holding enslaved people. The grounds that the state split apart was due to the Missouri Comporomise. Fugitive Slave and the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
The Missouri Compromise had ll free provinces and 11 slaved provinces. The North and the South. holding their differences grew into provincialism. Missouri wanted to fall in as a slave province. but that would anger the Congress because they wanted an even balance on slaved and free provinces. So Maine joined in as a free province to equilibrate it out. The Senate wanted to settle the issue of bondage in the districts for good so there was a 36*30’N latitude line to seperate the free and slaved provinces for the North and the South.
In add-on to the ground why the state split is due to the Fugitive Slave Act. This was a jurisprudence portion of the Compromise of 1850. This needed people to assist catch runawaies. anyone who aided runawaies could be fined or imprisoned. Slaveholders stepped up their attempts to catch blowouts. Antislavery groups tried to deliver enslaved African Americans that were running off from being captured through the Underground Railroad.
Last. but non least to the ground why the state split was due to the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Kansas and Nebraska both were free provinces since they were North of the 36*30N’ latitude line. but the North wanted them to be a free province. and the South wanted them to be slaved. Stephen A. Douglas proposed allowing colonists in each district to vote on whter to let bondage naming it popular sovereignty. Border ruffians traveled across the boundary line to vote in the election. The Kansas-Nebraska Act so became known as the “Bleeding Kansas” because the people at that place called it a “civil war” in the struggle between the citizens of the same state.
So these are the 3 grounds to why the state split. and the grounds to the sectional tenseness between the North and the South. Some of the grounds were the Missouri Compromise. Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act.