Pierre Bourdieu Essay Essay Sample

Pulling upon the work of Pierre Bourdieu. discourse how one’s cultural capital and habitus may impact one’s life. 1st August 1930. Pierre Bourdieu was born into a propertyless household in Southern France and passed on in 2002. However. he became a well-known. reputable and really influential Gallic societal theoretician whom saw the importance of traveling sociology towards scientific discipline by integrating empirical research with theory. ( Grenfell. 2005 ) Similarly to Marx. Bourdieu believed that individual’s individuality and the picks that they make are based on the category construction they are in. Marx has stated that category referred to the economic capital. in footings of money. belongings and other assets. However. Bourdieu goes beyond the economism of Marx’s construct of capital. which believed in development. by holding a wider position of the term ‘capital’ . ( Swartz. 2012 ) Cultural Capital

Bourdieu transcend the construct of capital into a more symbolic kingdom of civilization. Cultural capital is the ownership of the assorted symbolic elements such as cognition. accomplishments. penchant. stuff and experiences when take parting in societal life. ( Bourdieu. 1986 ) . In other words. the societal category that we belong to is brought down to the ‘taste’ we have etc. Therefore. persons that possess or ‘taste’ or civilization capital is said to hold obtained a ‘high-class’ position in society. Bourdieu stated that the cultural capital is an of import plus for a group to remain dominant or to increase their position. There are three signifiers of cultural capital viz. : the corporal province. the objectified province and the institutionalized province ( Bourdieu. 1986 ) Embodied province

The corporal province is the first signifier and the most of import of the cultural capital. It is the internalisation of the organic structure and head which represents what the single knows and what he can make. Puting more clip into self-change and betterment allows the addition in the corporal province. If the corporal province is learned. it can change and impact an individual’s habitus which I will farther explicate subsequently in the essay ( Farrell. 2010 )

Objectified State
The objectified province of the cultural capital refers to the cultural and material objects such as instruments. books. pictures etc. The cultural
object can be obtained through money and/or the embodied through the grasp of the cultural object. For the cultural object to be possessed materially. the person has to hold the premise of economic capital. ( Longhofer. 2013 ) However. by “consuming” the object symbolically. it has to be taken into history that the person has the premise of cultural capital where the person has already been educated on the norms that makes the cultural object of import. ( Bourdieu. 1986 ) . In other words. to utilize the objectified province suitably. the person has to hold the corporal cultural capital. Institutionalized State

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The 3rd signifier of cultural capital is the institutionalised province where it refers to the incarnation of civilization capital in the signifier of the scholastic capableness. or in other words. the academic making. Therefore. the consequence of an single change overing the corporal province into the educational system will develop the institutionalised province. Individual has to execute good in school foremost in order to successfully obtain the institutionalised province ( Longhofer. 2013 ) . The academic success relies to a great extent on the incarnation of cultural capital as one has to possess the normative behaviors such as the linguistic communications being used. how they are being dressed or staying the ‘correct’ regulations for acting in school. The making certification Acts of the Apostless as a “certificate of cultural competency which confers on its holders a conventional. changeless. lawfully guaranteed value with regard to power” ( Szeman. 2011. pp. 86 ) . It can therefore. be used in the labour market as a rate of transition between economic capital and cultural capital Habitus

In Bourdieu’s theoretical model. habitus which is closely related to the cultural capital. was one of the constructs he talked about where it is the unconscious and corporal wonts such as the position. speech patterns. values etc. which are determined and shaped by external factors around an person. ( Reay. 2004 ) However. “is non repair or permanent. and can be changed under unexpected state of affairss or over a long historical period” . ( Navarro. 2006. pp. 16 ) Habitus opens up and make a great scope of actions but at the same clip. limits the sum of possible actions.

This chance and restraints are based on the corporal societal construction of the environment such as gender. age and the societal hierarchy the person is in therefore making outlooks that will finally determine his or her behavior and life ( Bourdieu. 1984 ) For illustration. when an grownup grows up in a peculiar small town. he or she will incarnate the premises of age. gender and societal hierarchy of that small town. This will construct the homology between the adult’s personality and the adult’s societal grouping. ( Dirks. 1994 ) Merely because the values and beliefs that the grownup has based on their societal brushs. it does non needfully means that habitus is the aftereffect of free will or driven by the construction. It is really shaped by the interaction between both of them over clip. In other words. it is shaped by all past events. constructions. practises and at the same clip the individual’s perceptual experience of it all ( Bourdieu. 1984 ) Relationship between Habitus and Cultural Capital

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Given this illustration. young persons that come from a disadvantage background and miss the cultural capital will unfavorably determine the deposition and the mentality of the young persons. Hence. this will do them to hold a negative attitude towards their surveies or in other words. missing the habitus. This will finally do a negative concatenation reaction to their academic consequences and advancement. ( Dumais. 2002 ) This shows that an single underprivileged of cultural will be in most instances. inclined to do determinations that is based on the recreated underprivileged fortunes in conformity with an underprivileged habitus. Therefore. in order to achieve success. the person has to use the cultural capital that they have learnt from their households. groups or any experiences that has happened earlier. This will so do an consequence to deriving assurance from the good and productive feedback from e. g. Teachers or foremans which will later change or alter their habitus ( Gaddis. 2013 ) Decision

The societal category that an person will belong to is based on the dominant civilization they are in which is an indicant if they are at a societal advantage or disadvantage. The degree of advantage depends on how much cultural capital an single possess and the habitus that is ingrained in their day-to-day interactions. An single with the advantage will hold an attitude that puts them in civilization high quality and hence. an upper societal category in that peculiar category construction ( Dumais. 2002 ) The consequence of an person within a peculiar societal category due to their cultural capital and habitus will impact their life opportunities which will assist heighten their quality of life. This is because the possible chances that the person has will be in conformity to the societal category they are in. Therefore. for single to hold a better quality in life. it is dependent on how they utilized their cultural capital in order to change their habitus which will so give them a societal advantage in category construction they are in. in order to open up to more chances and finally better and impact their life.

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Bibliography

Bourdieu. P. ( 1986 ) ‘ The Forms of Capital’ . in Richardson. J. G ( ed. ) In J. Richardson ( Ed. ) Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. New York. Green Wood: Greenwood Publishing Group. Incorporated. pp. 241-258. Bourdieu. P. ( 1984 ) A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. : Harvard University Press. Dirks. N ( 1994 ) Culture/power/history: A Reader in Contemporary Social Theory. : Princeton University Press. Dumais. S. A. ( 2002 ) ‘Cultural Capital. Gender. and School Success: The Role of Habitus’ . Sociology of Education. 75 ( 1 ) . pp. 44-68 [ Online ] . Available from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. jstor. org. ezproxy. liv. Ac. uk/stable/3090253 ( Accessed: 24th October 2014 ) . Farrell. L ( 2010 ) Pierre Bourdieu on European individuality: Theories of habitus & A ; cultural capital. Irish republic: Social and Political Review. Trinity College Dublin. Gaddis. S. M ( 2013 ) ‘The Influence of Habitus in the Relationship between Cultural Capital and Academic Achievement’ . Social Science Research. 42 ( 1 ) . pp. 1-13 Grenfell. M. ( 2005 ) Pierre Bourdieu: Agent Provocateur. : Continuum International Publishing Group. Longhofer. W. . Winchester. D. ( 2013 ) Social Theory Re-Wired: New Connections to Classical and Contemporary Perspectives. : Routledge. Navarro. Z ( 2006 ) ‘In Search of a Cultural Interpretation of Power: The Contribution of Pierre Bourdieu’ . IDS Bulletin. 37 ( 6 ) . pp. 11-22. Reay. D ( 2004 ) ‘‘It’s all going a habitus’ : Beyond the Habitual Use of Habitus in Educational Research’ . British Journal of Sociology of Education. 25 ( 4 ) . pp. 431-444. Swartz. D ( 2012 ) Culture and Power: The Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu. : University of Chicago Press. Szeman. I ( 2011 ) Cultural theory: an anthology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.