Parenting Styles Essay Sample

Before one even decides to go a parent. the inquiry of “Will I be a good parent? ” sinks in. There is no concrete definition of “good” parenting. as this is wholly subjective and depends on the spiritual. cultural. cultural. and social values to which the parent adheres. What is clear is that some kids develop with an disposition towards positiveness. while others do non. and there is a clear connexion between these behaviours and the manner with which these kids were raised ( Santrock. 2011 ) . This treatment will measure Baumrind’s four distinct parenting manners. observing the impact each may hold on kid development. followed by an analysis of the function civilization plays in effectual parenting.


The autocratic parent values obedience above all else. Rigorous bounds are frequently placed on what kids are and are non allowed to make. and these kids are non allowed the clip or infinite to show their feelings about the given bounds ( Santrock. 2011 ) . These parents are high in their demandingness. but low in their reactivity to kids ( Darling & A ; Steinberg. 1993 ) . Turning up. I can retrieve a friend’s parents who. when she asked why they insisted on a certain regulation responded. “Because we’re the parents. That’s why! “

Childs raised by autocratic parents tend to be unhappy. and frequently see higher rates of depression in adolescence ( Milevsky. Schlechter. & A ; Netter. 2007 ) . As these parents invoke fright in their kids as a agency to obeisance. these kids are frequently preemptively fearful and dying in societal state of affairss. The outlook that another individual will direct them as to what they are supposed to make frequently consequences in a failure to take enterprise ( Santrock. 2011 ) . Cognitively. these kids may non be as academically successful as their equals when placed in a child-centered acquisition environment. Socially. they have a hard clip pass oning with equals. as a theoretical account of appropriate verbal exchange is non present in
their families ( Gfroerer. Kern. Curlette. White. & A ; Jonyniene. 2011 ; Santrock. 2011 ) . Boys raised in this environment may go aggressive. perchance patterning the autocratic control of their parents ( Santrock. 2011 ) .

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Authoritative parents equilibrate demandingness with reactivity. puting bounds. but besides leting their children’s voice to be heard ( Darling & A ; Steinberg. 1993 ) . These parents model appropriate communicating. anticipate their kids to act harmonizing to the criterions they have set. but provide constructive feedback for both negative and positive behaviours. These parents are warm. nurturing. and appreciative of their children’s point of views and thoughts ( Milevsky. Schlechter. & A ; Netter. 2007 ; Santrock. 2011 ) .

Childs raised by important parents tend to be cheerful. with low incidence of teenage depression. They are much more likely to be able to self-regulate. are independent. and have small job dividing from parents ( Gfroerer. Kern. Curlette. White. & A ; Jonyniene. 2011 ; Santrock. 2011 ) . These kids are frequently achievement-oriented. as they are introduced to a theoretical account of constructive feedback and positive support early on. Cognitively. these traits lead to higher academic accomplishment. Emotionally. self-regulation and a cheerful temperament assistance these kids in the development of get bying accomplishments ( Milevsky. Schlechter. & A ; Netter. 2007 ) . Socially. these kids are found to be highly concerted. holding small trouble devising or prolonging friendly relationships ( Santrock. 2011 ) . Inattentive

Inattentive parents are entirely uninvolved in their children’s lives. The antonym of autocratic. these parents have small communicating with their kids. therefore neglecting to pattern any appropriate societal behaviour ( Santrock. 2011 ) . Parents who raise their kids in this manner lead their kids to believe that their lives are much more valuable and of import than their children’s ( Darling & A ; Steinberg. 1993 ) .

Children raised in this manner frequently have utmost societal troubles. as they are non given the chance to pattern verbal exchange or societal behaviours in the place ( Santrock. 2011 ) . Without regulations in the place. these kids fail to develop self-denial or the ability to be independent. These kids may hold boundary issues. and frequently suffer from low self-pride. a taking cause of depression ( Gfroerer. Kern. Curlette. White. & A ; Jonyniene. 2011 ) . Cognitively. these kids tend to be immature and behind their equals. Depending on the degree of disregard. these kids may besides be smaller physically if parents do non supply equal nutriment ( Santrock. 2011 ) . As these kids move into adolescence. they are more likely to exhibit awol and/or delinquent behaviours ( Milevsky. Schlechter. & A ; Netter. 2007 ) .

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Indulgent. or permissive. rearing walks the line between autocratic and inattentive ( Darling & A ; Steinberg. 1993 ) . These parents are extremely involved in every facet of their children’s lives. yet they fail to put appropriate regulations. criterions. and boundaries. These parents frequently believe that the kid knows best. and hence let their kids to make what they want ( Santrock. 2011 ) . One of the kids in my preschool plan has parents that are a shining illustration of this manner. They spend a gratuitous sum of clip with their girl. and agree with her on every statement that she makes. On one peculiar juncture. she announced that she would wish to walk place ( through the streets of Brooklyn ) without any places. Her parents merrily complied.

With no boundaries or theoretical account of societal rightness provided. these kids have a hard clip socially. as they frequently have failed to larn regard for others ( Santrock. 2011 ) . They may besides hold trouble with self-denial. which could hinder their ability to larn in a school scene. Having been the centre of attending. these kids can turn to be tyrannizing. egoistic and/or non-compliant ( Darling & A ; Steinberg. 1993 ) .

Cultural Deductions

Culture is a primary factor in how one chooses to raise his or her kids. Culture is tied to religious beliefs. spiritual traditions. and moral values ( Santrock. 2011 ) . In civilizations where Bolshevism is valued over individualism. parents are more likely to take an autocratic function. This is frequently the instance in Asia. where parents and seniors are given the extreme regard. and their authorization is non questioned. However. as this is a social norm. it is seen as the most effectual parenting manner. learning kids how to suitably voyage the outside universe ( Darling & A ; Steinberg. 1993 ; Sue & A ; Sue. 2008 ) . The important parenting manner has been proven to be the most effectual in raising positive. well-balanced. high accomplishing kids in Euro-America. but the autocratic manner is much more effectual when raising Afro-american females ( Darling & A ; Steinberg. 1993 ; Milevsky. Schlechter. & A ; Netter. 2007 ) . In many of the surveies associating rearing manner to child development. small diverseness is seen in the norming group. Further research that is inclusive of a assortment of cultural. racial. and civilization backgrounds is necessary to find a true correlativity ( Gfroerer. Kern. Curlette. White. & A ; Jonyniene. 2011 ; Milevsky. Schlechter. & A ; Netter. 2007 ) . Decision

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While there are four distinguishable rearing manners presented in this station. most parents do non fall into one specific class. but tend to film over the lines between two or more. A parent will take the method or manner that is most effectual given the state of affairs at manus ( Darling & A ; Steinberg. 1993 ) . While it appears that the important manner is the best pick for rearing. farther research is needed. with a diverse demographic represented. to find accurate correlativities between manner and result ( Gfroerer. Kern. Curlette. White. & A ; Jonyniene. 2011 ; Milevsky. Schlechter. & A ; Netter. 2007 ) .

Darling. N. . & A ; Steinberg. L. ( 1993 ) . Rearing manner as context: An integrative theoretical account. Psychological Bulletin. 113 ( 3 ) . 487–496. Retrieved December 8. 2006. from the PsycARTICLES database. ( AN-bul-113-3-487 )

Gfroerer. K. P. . Kern. R. M. Curlette. W. L. . White. J. & A ; Jonyniene. J.
( 2011 ) . Rearing manners and personality: Percepts of female parents. male parents. and striplings. The Journal of Individual Psychology. 67 ( 1 ) . 57–73.

Milevsky. A. . Schlechter. M. . & A ; Netter. S. ( 2007 ) . Maternal and paternal parenting manners in striplings: Associations with self-esteem. depression and lifesatisfaction. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 16 ( 1 ) . 39–47.

Santrock. J. W. ( 2011 ) . A topical attack to life-span development ( 3rd ed. ) New York. McGraw-Hill.