King Affonso I of Congo Essay Sample

King Affonso I. the venerated male monarch of Congo. is one of the most influential and groundbreaking characters in the history of Africa. Once he converted to Christianity and became king. Affonso realized the abomination of bondage withing his province. for it was wholly destructing his state through depopulation. Consequently. he sent a missive to King John of Portugal in 1526. sketching his hopes to eliminate Portugese influence upon his state. Ultimately. King Affonso I of Congo proves to be one of the most advanced contemporary minds of his clip. for during his capturing life. he was the precursor in the abolishment of bondage. all of which was outlined in his missive to King John of Portugal.

King Affonso I of Congo. known as the “people’s male monarch. ” was a adult male who saw his state non as a group of separate civilizations. but instead. as a incorporate state ( Billings 22 ) . When he was crowned male monarch. he changed his name from Nzinga Mbemba to King Affonso I. trusting to bespeak his newfound religion and power. When the New World was discovered. a new labour force was needed to turn the hard currency harvests. particularly sugar cane in the Carribean. The Portuguese began to negociate with King Affonso of Congo. converting him that the slave trade would do him really profitable. King Affonso agreed and the slave trade began. The trade began as 1000s of slaves were shipped to the Carribean in the first twelvemonth. intensifying to 1000000s shortly thenceforth. However. Affonso shortly realized that the huge exportation of slaves had gotten out of manus. for the Portugese began merchandising with the heads alternatively of him straight. therefore sabotaging his authorization.

Additionally. when he was converted to Christianity in 1525 A. D. he realized the misdemeanor of human rights which his people experienced. Furthermore. in 1526 A. D. he wrote a missive to Lisbon kicking about the corruptness of the Portuguese slave bargainers. stating they were “completely depopulating” his land. However. this didn’t halt the Portuguese. They won a short war against Congo. and even after King Affonso I died. the trade continued.

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King Affonso’s missive to King John of Portugal in 1526 A. D. expressed several demands. all of which hoped for an addition in human rights and more prosperity for the people of Congo. The missive foremost stated that the land of Congo was being ruined in several ways. This destruction was being caused by the inordinate freedom given by the Portugese work forces and merchandisers who were allowed to come and put up stores. selling goods which were prohibited by Congo’s authorities. Congo’s ain heads didn’t obey the authorities. miming the Portugese. for they became much more affluent than the authorities itself. By them non obeying the authorities. they were non merely destructing the security and peace of the lands. but besides. their human rights. The harm that the Portugese did couldn’t be estimated. for the mentioned merchandisers were merchandising Congo’s indigens. the boies of the land. Lords. lieges. and even Affonso’s ain relations.

They were all being brought into bondage. which at number one was profitable. yet later wholly destroyed the land. due to the desolating consequence it had. The stealers and work forces who had no ethical motives grabbed these slaves. wishing that they could hold the wealths that the authorities of Congo possessed. This corruptness ran highly deep. for the people didn’t even see the depopulation of Congo. In order to avoid an eruption. Congo merely needed a few priests and a twosome of people to learn in the schools. for the remainder were all corrupt slave-traders. The lone goods that Congo needed were wine and flour. which were both needed for the Christian rite of holy sacrament. The land of Congo pleaded for aid and aid from the Portugese to help them in this mode. depicting the desired factors which should be relayed to the merchandisers. Finally. and most significantly. the papers stated that Congo didn’t want to hold the trading of slaves any longer. and even didn’t privation to be an mercantile establishment for them. Therefore. all Affonso desired was an terminal to the Portugese intervention in Congo. exhibiting his strong chauvinistic ardor.

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King Affonso’s missive to King John of Portugal is one of the most of import paperss in universe history. First of all. it is a precursor in the abolishment of bondage. for it states that the Portugese should stop their slave trade within Congo. It besides is advanced for its clip. for it expresses several impressions about basic human nature. an thought which wasn’t to the full captivated until the American Revolution. Therefore. this papers was a predecessor to the American Constitution. Additionally. this papers expresses the later chauvinistic motions expressed by all of the African settlements in the 19th and twentieth centuries. During this clip. revolution sparked the freedom of all of Africa’s states. Affonso’s missive. nevertheless. besides expresses this chauvinistic motion. for he desires a county of his ain. free of outside subjugation. Therefore. Affonso’s missive proves to be far advanced for his generation’s society.

Additionally. this papers is one of the most of import texts in universe history. for it expresses the weakening relationship between African and European states. At first. several African states venerated bondage. for the authoritiess became affluent due to this trade. However. in state of affairss similar to this 1. they all realized the harmful effects that slavery brings with it. therefore revenging against their European autocrats. Ultimately. King Affonso’s missive to King John of Portugal proves to be an highly of import papers in universe history. for overall. it expresses several wide tendencies of all chauvinistic African states. every bit good as depicting an abolishment of bondage for the better good of basic human rights.

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King Affonso I. the honored male monarch of Congo. is an highly of import character in African history. for he was the precursor to the abolishment of bondage and the realisation of basic human rights. His missive sketching his demands for the obliteration of Portugese influence upon Congo farther nowadayss several of import tendencies of Africa. such as patriotism. Therefore. King Affonso I is the most radical minds of his epoch. for during his absorbing life. he presented several advanced thoughts about basic human rights. all of which are summarized in his missive to King John of Portugal.

Plants Cited

Billings. Eric. “The Martin Luther King Jr. of Congo. ” African-american Observer. 1 June 2002:


Ellis. Elisabeth Gaynor. World History Connections to Today. Upper Saddle River. New Jersey:

Prentice Hall. 1999.

Shillington. Kevin. History of Africa. Rockridge. Pennsylvania: Palgrave Macmillan. 1995.

Simmons. Lucy. “The Slave Trade. ” Slavery Homepage. 22 May 2001. New Trier Academics. 16 May 2004.