Bondage was popular in America in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Southern provinces. with agricultural economic systems. relied on the bondage system to guarantee the hard currency harvests. such as ; cotton. hemp. rice. and baccy. Slaves were non unknown in the North. but abolishment in the North was completed by the 1830’s. In 1808. the Congress prohibited the slave trade. non a twelvemonth subsequently than allowed in the Constitution. A series of via medias. Torahs. Acts of the Apostless. and measures tried to maintain the balance between the slave provinces and the free-soil provinces.
South Carolina voted to splinter from the United States as a consequence of Abraham Lincoln’s election to the Presidency. Lincoln had. over clip. voiced strong expostulations to slavery. and his incoming disposal was viewed as a menace to the right of the provinces to maintain their establishments. peculiarly that of bondage. the concern of the provinces. More provinces seceded. eleven in all. organizing the Confederate States of America. The sezession motion led to the Civil War.
The confirmation of the 13th Amendment was a major triumph for the North. and it was hoped that with the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th Amendment. the effects of bondage in the United States would rapidly get down to melt off. The original program to readmit provinces after credence of the 13th was supported by President Andrew Johnson. but the Extremist Republicans. as they became known. wanted more than merely a return to normalities. They wanted to maintain the power they had attained during the war old ages. The South did non do it easy for Johnson. nevertheless. and the alleged Black Codes started to be passed in Southern provinces. Congressional enquiries into the Black Codes found them to be a new manner of commanding freedwomans. fraught with force and inhuman treatment.
The resulting Reconstruction Acts placed the former CSA provinces under military regulation. and prohibited their congressmen’s re-admittance to Congress until after several stairss had been taken. including the blessing of the 14th Amendment. The 14th was designed to guarantee that all former slaves were granted automatic United States citizenship. and that they would hold all the rights and privileges as any other citizen. The amendment passed Congress on June 13. 1866.
These Amendments changed the manner of life in the United States. The 13th Amendment changed society wholly by get rid ofing bondage. The 14th Amendment. along with the Emancipation Proclamation. changed our Government greatly. Both Amendments are consequence of the North’s triumph in the Civil War. and without them our state as we know it today would non hold been possible.