How Security Has Changed Essay Sample

“Please take off your places before come ining the line to rush the procedure. Place all electronics. coins. billfolds. jewellery. cell phones. and metals in the Grey bins. Be certain to take out any laptops and tablets before directing your bags though the scanner. When you walk through the metal sensor. be certain to maintain your weaponries at your sides and avoid touching the walls. Make certain you are non have oning any metals that could put off the sensor. Thank you and hold a nice flight. ” Sound familiar? This is how strict airdrome security is present twenty-four hours. The 9-11 onslaughts caused such a immense daze to America’s security that they had to rethink everything ; they had to alter the whole system that the American people believed would maintain the safe. The inquiry is though. how did they alter it? Were the alterations for the better? And how safe is are the American people now after the alterations have been made? Since 9-11 America’s securities throughout all airdromes have been drastically changed for the better. there have been progresss in engineering. employee preparation. airdrome layout and more. Thankss to the 9-11 onslaughts security experts were able to larn from their errors and make a system that keeps airport terrorist act to a minimum degree.

If one were to take a walk through the airdrome 11 old ages ago and compare it to how it is now. they would happen multiple differences. from the people working at that place to the machines they worked with. everything would be different. For now. let’s expression at the people. “ten old ages ago airport constabularies were viewed as a little more than custodians”Those who were hired did non hold the ability to observe things that could be harmful to the plane of its riders. things like knives. bombs. guns. toxicants and other unsafe substances. This deficiency of accomplishment was the consequence of “constant turnover in the workplace coupled with hapless developing due to unattractive rewards and benefits which resulted in the hiring of an unskilled. inexperient labour force”2. Not to advert how the occupation was seen to be similar to working as a janitor at a school in footings of achievement. And as if that wasn’t plenty. “there were no existent ordinances with respects to employee or rider background cheques. ” That means anyone could be hired. regardless of what they’ve done in the yesteryear or are presently making.

The following alteration falls under the security of the airdrome itself. Prior to the 9/11 terrorists onslaught. the entree control of airdromes were non unafraid as the authorities had intended them to be. it was so bad that in May 2000. the section of transit inspector general had agents set up with bogus jurisprudence enforcement badges and certificates to derive entree to procure countries. beltway airdrome checkpoints in 4 locations and walk unescorted to airport going Gatess. Out of the many airdromes they tested. they were able to derive entree to 70 % of them. Had those work forces non been agents merely making their occupation but alternatively terrorists meaning to commandeer a plane. they would hold been able to so easy that it would be compared to the simple undertaking of seting on a costume and taking a amble to the aeroplane.

The engineering of the airdrome is about every bit of import as the people who work it. Without proper machinery to endorse up the security. people would be able to smuggle in all sorts of unsafe stuffs. and while there are ever not engineering based methods that are merely every bit effectual as its engineering based opposite number. the engineering way is ever more efficient and by and large more accurate. So when the security engineering of an airdrome is easy to rip off. hideous events like 9/11 are bound to go on. Since 9/11 airdrome security has been on its toes. ready to upgrade or modify itself every clip something gets past it. And the menaces don’t seem to give up either. If modern twenty-four hours terrorist were to walk into an airdrome before 9-11. they would express joy at how easy it would be to take over a plane. Anterior to 9-11 the most advanced showing most airport security systems had was a metal sensor. that’s right. person could hold snuck in any point on the plane every bit long as it wasn’t metal. Now the reader might be inquiring. how harmful can something be if it’s non metal? Well if a terrorist needed a crisp nonmetal
object. he could merely purchase fictile knife reinforced with fibreglass.

If a he wanted to take on a bomb. he could utilize a liquid based one. And if the terrorist truly wanted to be originative. he could take a rolled up magazine. a scattergun shell. a nail. a gum elastic set and set it all together to acquire a one shooting scattergun ( this was attempted on a plane flight in Europe in 2002 ) . The point is. every bit long as there is person determined plenty to calculate it out. there will ever be a loophole. fast one. or mistake in security. and it’s the security’s occupation to happen it before the they do. and although security experts can’t be the terrorists to every clout. they are able adapt so it won’t go on once more. To happen cogent evidence of this. one would merely necessitate to take a expression at the intelligence. In December 2001 Richard Reid attempted to explode explosives in his places. to battle this airdrome security started doing flyers take off their places before traveling through the metal sensor. In 2006 there were multiple efforts with liquid bombs throughout airdromes around the universe. in response airdrome security badly limited the sums of liquids that could come through a checkpoint every bit good as what sorts could be brought. Then on Christmas twenty-four hours 2009. Umar Farouk was able to acquire a liquid based bomb in his underwear past security checkpoints and about on the plane. this resulted in the development in advanced imagination engineering units which scan organic structures without physical contact.

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“These include millimeter wave engineering. which uses millimetre wavelength wireless waves to bring forth 3-dimensional images every bit good as backscatter scanners. which employ low-level X raies. ” Another issue with the engineering comes with how it’s placed throughout the airdrome. “Before the 9/11 onslaughts. rider testing involved metal sensors. but these were closer to the Gatess than they are now. doing it easier to hoard or hoard arms such as the box cutters [ the 9/11 aggressors ] used. ” says Joshua Marpet. security revivalist at security house DataDevastation. “Now the checkpoints act as choking coil points. badly restricting the handiness of stash musca volitanss. “5 It’s defects like these that engineering experts have to maintain an oculus out for. the engineering is unpointed if it’s ne’er able to make its occupation. The battle for stronger more advanced engineering will ne’er stop. every bit long as there are terrorists ; there will necessitate to be more advanced engineering to maintain them in their topographic point. It’s a ne’er stoping cat and mouse game that requires both sides. terrorist and security. to be on the sentinel for any failing. any defect. any breach that could set one side in hazard.

Even though airport security is doing some astonishing advancement. there is another job that experts must turn to. With security progressing every bit fast as it is. experts must besides maintain in head that there is such a thing as excessively much security. They have to equilibrate the protection of the people with the felicity of the people. If one were to take a expression at the most recent engineering airdromes have started utilizing. the Backscatter scanners. he would happen hemorrhoids of ailments that people have with them. The most common issue is privacy. “Backscatter scanners emit X-ray radiation that reflects off a traveler’s organic structure into a detector. TSA functionaries receive a grayscale bare exposure demoing all the contours of the traveler’s organic structure. a practical strip hunt. “6 it’s a valid ailment. no 1 wants to hold themselves exposed to people in a backroom who can make anything with the images they get. and while they can deny the scan and have a glib down alternatively. but as stated here. “TSA Officials are trained to run their custodies up a traveler’s thighs until they meet “resistance. ” This agency functionaries will really touch genitalias. ” that option is merely as privateness invading as the first.

The following issue is the wellness of the people. people say the backscatter scanners are harmful to the wellness of those who step through them. they say that the “X-ray organic structure scanners. which use “backscatter” ionised radiation engineering. emit adequate radiation to theoretically damage DNA and cause malignant neoplastic disease. While the degree of radiation is highly low. some surveies have found that over clip a little figure of malignant neoplastic disease instances could ensue from scanning 1000000s of people a twelvemonth. “7 This became such an issue that in November 2011 The European Union banned all airdrome organic structure scanners. to equilibrate out the deficiency of security. they replaced them with older millimetre moving ridge scanners which use low degree wireless moving ridges. ( so far there have been no creditable surveies that linked wireless moving ridge exposure with malignant neoplastic disease ) .

In response to the opinion. the TSA sent out statistics demoing that over 300 airport riders who did non partake in the backscatter scanner were found transporting unsafe points onto the plane. There have besides been motions against the promotion of security systems like the backscatter scanner. For illustration the ‘we won’t fly’ motion pledges to defy airdrome processs until scanners and rap downs are removed. 8 The job with pull offing the felicity and safety of the people is that the farther experts come in airdrome engineering. the farther they push to traversing the line of the privateness of the people. But this is merely what terrorists want. they don’t attention about the privateness of the people. they merely want it to be easier for them to acquire in. and when airdromes are invariably exchanging out the systems they use. the terrorists are taking every chance.

Airports are an astonishing thing ; they take economic advancement to a whole new degree. Sadly while airdromes can be used for advancement. they can besides be used as a arm. The terrorist’s onslaughts on September. 11 made that really evident. and even though that was such a hideous event. security experts were able to greatly larn from it. Since 9/11 security experts have been on the sentinel for any possible manner to better the safety of American airdromes. and so far the betterments have been incredible9. American airdromes have come from simple metal sensors to scanners that can give a full organic structure position of whoever stairss though it. And they merely keep acquiring better ; for illustration. one promotion that is in the plant is “terahertz scanning. These use THz beams. which lie between microwaves and infrared radiation on the electromagnetic spectrum. They can perforate common stuffs. do non look to harm life tissue and can place compounds. such as hair gel or explosives. “10 So when person asks the large inquiry “are the American people truly safer now? “11 They can rest assured that the reply will be. yes. Where the 9-11 onslaughts caused America so much desolation. they besides started a new age of engineering where America can be safe from menaces that any terrorist might present. But the progresss can non halt. every bit long as there is anyone who might desire to harm the American people or anyone around the universe. the airdromes and other public transit systems need to hold securities in topographic point to halt them because the terrorists are non traveling to rest now or of all time. so neither will they.

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Plants Cited

DeGeneste. Henry I. . and John P. Sullivan. Patroling Transportation Facilities. Springfield. IL: C. C. Thomas. 2004. Print.

Dillingham. Gerald Lee. Federal Aviation Administration: Reauthorization Provides Opportunities to Address Key Agency Challenges: Statement of
Gerald L. Dillingham. Director. Civil Aviation Issues: Testimony before the Committee on Commerce. Science. and Transportation. U. S. Senate. [ Washington. D. C. ] : U. S. General Accounting Office. 2003. Print.

Taylor. Alycia B. . and Sarah Steedman. “The Development of Airline Security Since 9/11. ” Security Training. CPO. Dec. 2003. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //ifpo. org/articlebank/evolution_of_airline. hypertext markup language & gt ; .

Choi. Charles Q. “Have Post-9/11 Airport Screening Technologies Made Us Safer? ” Http: //www. scientificamerican. com. Scientific American. Sept. 2011. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. scientificamerican. com/article. cfm? id=have-new-airport-screening-technologies-inspired-by-9-11-made-us-safer & gt ; .

Roberts. Alex. Jessica Bader. and Brett Flora. “Frontline: Airport Scanners Invade Privacy. ” The Western Front. The Western Front. 09 Nov. 2010. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //westernfrontonline. net/opinion/17-opinion/12779-frontline-airport-scanners-invade-privacy & gt ; .

DiSalvo. David. “Europe Bans Airport Body Scanners For “Health and Safety” Concerns. ” Http: //www. forbes. com. Forbes. 11 Nov. 2011. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. forbes. com/sites/daviddisalvo/2011/11/15/europe-bans-airport-body-scanners-over-health-and-safety-concerns/ & gt ; .

Babb. James. “We Won’t Fly until the TSA Full Body Scanners and Pat Downs Are Replaced with Real Airport Security. ” We Won’t Fly until the TSA Full Body Scanners and Pat Downs Are Replaced with Real Airport Security. We Won’t Fly. 31 Dec. 2011. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //wewontfly. com/ & gt ; .

McCamey. William P. Editorial. Journal of Security Administration. 2002. Print.

McClure. George. “IEEE-USA Today’s Engineer. ” 02. 12 Ieee-usa Today’s Engineer. 2007. Web. 21 Feb. 2012.
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. todaysengineer. org/2005/Jun/security. asp

Outline

Thesis: Since 9-11 America’s security throughout all airdromes have been drastically changed for the better. thanks to the 9-11 onslaughts we were able to larn from our errors and make a system that keeps airport terrorist act to a minimum degree.

I Introduction:
A. Describe the mean airport security procedure American’s go through while traveling to their gate. B. Describe why it’s like this
1. The 9-11 onslaughts caused such a immense daze to America’s security that we had to rethink everything C. Announce subjects of alteration
1. Technology such as Scanners. employee preparation and processs. airdrome layout and handiness II Body Paragraphs:
A. First organic structure paragraph. Airport employees.
1. “ten old ages ago airport constabularies were viewed as a little more than custodians” a. Those who were hired did non hold the ability to observe things that could be harmful to the plane of its riders. things like knives. bombs. guns. toxicants and other unsafe. 2. “There were no existent ordinances with respects to employee or rider background cheques. ” a. That means anyone could be hired. regardless of what they’ve done in the yesteryear or are presently making. B. Second organic structure paragraph. Airport handiness and Security. 1. Prior to the 9/11 terrorists onslaught. the entree control of airdromes were non unafraid as the authorities had intended them to be a. In May 2000. the section of transit inspector general had agents set up with bogus jurisprudence enforcement badges and certificates to derive entree to procure countries bypass airdrome checkpoints in 4 locations and walk unescorted to airport going Gatess. Out of the many airdromes they tested. they were able to derive entree to 70 % of them. I. What if those work forces were really terrorists?

C. Third organic structure paragraph. Airport Technology
1. Explain the importance of engineering for airport security.
a. What
happens when airdrome engineering is unequal?
2. What was airport engineering like anterior to 9-11?
a. Anterior to 9-11 the most advanced showing most airport security systems had was a metal sensor I. What if the point wasn’t metal? What kinds of menaces can come from nonmetal points? ( 1 ) . Plastic knifes renforced with fibreglass. liquid based bombs. homemade scattergun.

3. How do Airport security experts respond to efforts of terrorist act so it ne’er happens once more? a. December 2001. shoe bombardment ( resulted in remotion of places for separate scanning ) B. 2006. multiple liquid bomb efforts ( resulted in modification of liquids allowed past security checkpoints ) c. 2009. liquid bomb hidden in underwear got past security scanners ( resulted in new scanner engineering [ millimetre moving ridge engineering ] ) 4. Address how security engineering is placed throughout airdromes a. How was it before 9-11?

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I. “Before the 9/11 onslaughts. rider testing involved metal sensors. but these were closer to the Gatess than they are now. doing it easier to hoard or hoard arms such as the box cutters [ the 9/11 aggressors ] used. ” says Joshua Marpet. security revivalist at security house DataDevastation. “Now the checkpoints act as choking coil points. badly restricting the handiness of stash musca volitanss. ” 5. Conclude with originative analogy

a. The race for engineering is a ne’er stoping cat and mouse game that requires both sides. terrorist and security. to be on the sentinel for any failing. any defect. any breach that could set one side in hazard. D. Fourth organic structure paragraph. issues with airport security.

1. Be there such a thing as excessively much security?
a. Are our privateness rights being violated by scanners and patdowns? I. “Backscatter scanners emit X-ray radiation that reflects off a traveler’s organic structure into a detector. TSA functionaries receive a grayscale bare exposure demoing all the contours of the traveler’s organic structure. a practical strip hunt. ” two. “TSA Officials are trained to run their custodies up a traveler’s thighs until they meet “resistance. ” This agency functionaries will really touch genitalias. ” 2.
Harmful Technology

a. “X-ray organic structure scanners. which use “backscatter” ionised radiation engineering. emit adequate radiation to theoretically damage DNA and cause malignant neoplastic disease. While the degree of radiation is highly low. some surveies have found that over clip a little figure of malignant neoplastic disease instances could ensue from scanning 1000000s of people a twelvemonth. ” i. in November 2011 The European Union banned all airdrome organic structure scanners. to equilibrate out the deficiency of security. they replaced them with older millimetre moving ridge scanners which use low degree wireless moving ridges. ( so far there have been no creditable surveies that linked wireless moving ridge exposure with malignant neoplastic disease ) . 3. Motions against airdrome security

a. We won’t fly motion
I. The ‘we won’t fly’ motion pledges to defy airdrome processs until scanners and rap downs are removed. 4. Conclude with hazards taken when security steps are reduced. a. TSA sent out statistics demoing that over 300 airport riders who did non partake in the backscatter scanner were found transporting unsafe points onto the plane. III. Decision:

A. Introduce with the importance of airdromes and the menace they pose. B. Explain what we’ve gained from the 9-11 onslaughts
1. Since 9/11 security experts have been on the sentinel for any possible manner to better the safety of American airdromes. and so far the betterments have been unbelievable C. Brief overview of how far security has come.

1. We’ve come from simple metal sensors to scanners that can give a full organic structure position of whoever stairss though it. D. Show that we’re still traveling frontward
1. And we merely maintain acquiring better ; for illustration. one promotion that is in the plant is “terahertz scanning. These use THz beams. which lie between microwaves and infrared radiation on the electromagnetic spectrum. They can perforate common stuffs. do non look to harm life tissue and can place compounds. such as hair gel or explosives. ” E. Are we safer now? Has airdrome security truly improved? 1. Where the 9-11 onslaughts caused America so much desolation. they besides started a new age oftechnology where America can be safe from menaces that any terrorist might present. F. End with nice coating.

[ 1 ] . DeGeneste. Henry I. . and John P. Sullivan. Patroling Transportation Facilities. Springfield. IL: C. C. Thomas. 2004. Print.

2 Dillingham. Gerald Lee. Federal Aviation Administration: Reauthorization Provides Opportunities to Address Key Agency Challenges: Statement of Gerald L. Dillingham. Director. Civil Aviation Issues: Testimony before the Committee on Commerce. Science. and Transportation. U. S. Senate. [ Washington. D. C. ] : U. S. General Accounting Office. 2003. Print. [ 2 ] . Taylor. Alycia B. . and Sarah Steedman. “The Development of Airline Security Since 9/11. ” Security Training. CPO. Dec. 2003. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. . [ 3 ] . Choi. Charles Q. “Have Post-9/11 Airport Screening Technologies Made Us Safer? ” Http: //www. scientificamerican. com. Scientific American. Sept. 2011. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. . [ 4 ] . Choi. Charles Q. “Have Post-9/11 Airport Screening Technologies Made Us Safer? “

5 Choi. Charles Q. “Have Post-9/11 Airport Screening Technologies Made Us Safer? ” [ 5 ] . 6 Roberts. Alex. Jessica Bader. and Brett Flora. “Frontline: Airport Scanners Invade Privacy. ” The Western Front. The Western Front. 09 Nov. 2010. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. .

7 DiSalvo. David. “Europe Bans Airport Body Scanners For “Health and Safety” Concerns. ” Http: //www. forbes. com. Forbes. 11 Nov. 2011. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. . [ 6 ] . 8 Babb. James. “We Won’t Fly until the TSA Full Body Scanners and Pat Downs Are Replaced with Real Airport Security. ” We Won’t Fly until the TSA Full Body Scanners and Pat Downs Are Replaced with Real Airport Security. We Won’t Fly. 31 Dec. 2011. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. . [ 7 ] . 9 Choi. Charles Q. “Have Post-9/11 Airport Screening Technologies Made Us Safer? “

10McCamey. William P. Editorial. Journal of Security Administration. 2002. Print.