The individual we are is a complicated mixture of how we look. act and believe. As people we are invariably altering. influenced by our milieus. It is my belief that most people in modern society believe that the individual they have become is a direct effect of the determinations that they have made during their life. What most people don? t realise is that a great trade of determinations which have affected the class of their life were made before they were even born. In most instances. these determinations will hold been made by their parents. Where you live. what you are called. who you spend your clip with as a immature kid. what societal category you belong to and even which teams you are likely to back up. are all things over which you have no control.
Would you hold made all the same picks as the 1s which were made for you? It is improbable that you would hold. and so it becomes clear that who we are is non merely a consequence of the determinations we have made by ourselves during our life. The picks we do do ourselves could possibly be considered as all right tuning of the life we have been born into. as by the clip we are old plenty to do life impacting determinations by ourselves. it could be argued that the boundaries of who we can go are significantly smaller.
A large portion of who we are is our physical ego. The physical organic structure is separated into different sexes which are biologically defined. Society nevertheless. recognises genders. the figure and definitions of which vary throughout different civilizations. Western society recognises two socially constructed genders. male and female. There are obvious physical differences between these two genders over which we have no control. facial hair and chests are good illustrations. However. the definitions of behavior for these two genders are a creative activity of society and are based on how society expects work forces and adult females to move.
Anne Fausto Sterling is a life scientist who wrote a book entitled Myths of Gender ( 1985 ) . She studied gender and biological science in great deepness. in all instances happening small or no connexion between biological science and human behavior. This supports the theory that work forces and adult females act the manner they do because of societal causes instead than biological 1s. In order to conform and suit into western society. you must suit into the socially constructed definition of one of these genders. This removes a large component of freedom in footings of who we want to be. directing us from the twenty-four hours we are born towards a preset templet for our peculiar gender.
Our childhood is a monolithic factor of how we become who we are. Children under five old ages old have no impression of gender. They will have on what they are dressed in and will non separate between playthings regarded by society as masculine or feminine. Hence the procedure of gendering is undertaken by the parents. although everyone who comes into contact with the kid will lend to the gendering through their behavior and linguistic communication whilst interacting with them. Thankss to the socially constructed construct that colorss can be masculine or feminine. the importance of coloring material is tremendous merely after a babe is born and for the early phases of childhood. The gendering procedure Begins directly after birth with parents in western society normally dressing their new babe in blue for a male child or pink for a miss. This construct of delegating genders to colorss is so of import because it will impact how people act towards the kid. and therefore contribute to the individual that kid will go.
By the age of five. our gender individuality is fixed. By this point we are cognizant of what gender we are. what this means and what is expected by the people around us. We have besides larn how to execute socially accepted gender features. Hence kids are now able to specify which toys are deemed suited for their gender. and will by and large maneuver good clear from those which aren? Ts so as non to look unnatural. or be called by the opposite gender. This is the period of clip when male childs and misss of the same age tend non to acquire along. each sex perchance confused by the different properties displayed by the other.
From here onwards we are to a great extent influenced by milieus that we are now more cognizant of and have an of all time increasing apprehension of. We become cognizant of the demand to conform in order to suit in and be accepted within a specific societal group and within society as a whole. We besides begin to do determinations about who we are and who we want to be. significantly affected by who the people around us are and who they want us to be. Adored stars worshipped in the media can be large influences for susceptible childs. desiring to emulate them. Older kids besides provide powerful function theoretical accounts. be they good or bad. At this early phase of development and surely through the beginning phases of school. individualism. defined as behavior which deviates from the societal normal. is viewed really negatively.
In his book titled? The Limits of Masculinity? . Andrew Tolson states that in add-on to early household experiences there are three major sites for male childs and work forces where gender is formed and structured: the equal group. the school and so the workplace where the male individuality is reinforced. Schools play a peculiarly large function in the early formation of an persons personality and gender individuality. Children who do non conform at school. such as a male child who doesn? Ts like athleticss or a miss who prefers toys regarded as masculine. can happen themselves being discriminated against by other students who consider their behavior to be unnatural. This can ensue in exclusion from societal circles and can even take to verbal or physical maltreatment. Hence there is a great force per unit area placed on kids within schools to act a certain manner and to wish certain things.
During this clip there are other major influences which all play a portion in doing us who we are. The influence of household is peculiar prevalent to the immature and continues throughout childhood and even into maturity. with the desire to delight and arouse pride doing us to conform to the individual our household want us to be. The media is besides enormously influential as it provides an effectual? design? of what society considers to be normal. and in bend what society expects from us and how we ourselves can anticipate to be treated by society if we behave in a certain manner. As said by Macionis and Plummer in their book Sociology: a Global Introduction. ? work forces by and large played the superb investigators. ? ? ? adult females. by contrast. continued to be cast as the less capable characters. frequently prized chiefly for their sexual attraction? .
Religion is another major influence on who we become. where adult females are frequently regarded as inferior their male opposite numbers. Different faiths have different codifications of behavior to which you must conform if you want to bask the supposed benefits of that peculiar religion. Something else to see with faith is that most people are followings of their religion from birth. something else imparted on them by their parents and equals before they where old plenty to hold made the pick themselves. Hence. the individual they will be for the remainder of their lives has been dramatically influenced by something that they have no control over.
Throughout our young person we learn the normative codifications of behavior which apply to us in our given milieus. We learn to execute our gender for the benefit of others and we learn of the limitations of our gender. We besides learn of gender stereotypes and their importance. Some common stereotypes being? work forces can? t multitask? and? adult females can? t read maps? . We so play up to these stereotypes as portion of our gender public presentation. another facet of our personality which is imported from society. We play up to these stereotypes for the benefit of those around us. For illustration. work forces by and large like it when adult females need aid with things such as D. I. Y. . heavy lifting or wiring a stopper. This is the males opportunity to come to the assistance of the? demoiselle in hurt? .
Hence adult females may good play up to or overstate these stereotypes to delight males. The same is true in contrary. where it is the males turn to play up to a stereotype for the benefit of the female. and therefore the female? s bend to deliver the male. Because such stereotypes are so good defined within society. temper can frequently be derived from these incidences with a predictable one line drive such as? have you got the map the right manner unit of ammunition? ? . This raises an obvious inquiry. Are adult females really bad at reading maps? Or is it that they? ve spent their full lives being told that they were bad at it and merely believed it? Or are they really absolutely good at reading maps but are merely populating up to outlooks and pigeonholing? And if they are in fact. absolutely good at reading maps. why is there such a well defined stereotype that says otherwise? Therefore. society has one time once more influenced how we think and develop. through the usage of socially constructed stereotypes and normative codifications of behavior.
As we become cognizant of the gender individualities of those around us we begin to judge them and society as a whole. At this point it becomes clear that we ourselves are being judged by society. Hence we begin to compare ourselves to socially constructed ideal types. within our ain environment. and within society as a whole. The relevancy of our visual aspect increases dramatically as we become cognizant of how attractive we are to the opposite sex. The? myth? of beauty becomes really of import as we strive towards being the ideal tallness and weight in an attempt to increase our entreaty to the opposite sex and be regarded as beautiful. The importance of beauty to the single varies tremendously but it is safe to state that females and peculiarly younger misss are the most to a great extent affected groups when it comes to desiring to be regarded as beautiful by society. Naomi Wolf foremost used the term? beauty myth? . She argued that adult females are taught by society to associate their felicity. importance and accomplishments in life to their physical visual aspect ( Backman and Adams. 1991 ) . How far we chose to travel in our pursuit for societies current construct of beauty has an obvious consequence on who we are and what we want from life.
And so back to the original inquiry. how do we go who we are? The reply is that there is no reply. Everybody becomes who they are as a consequence of an single mixture of milieus and circumstance. Although many people are influenced by the same beginning such as school. work and household. these beginnings are different for everybody and the elements of these beginnings which have an consequence on you. besides varies from individual to individual.
Anne Fausto Sterling – The Myths of Gender: Biological theories about work forces and adult females ( 1985 ) Andrew Tolson – The Limits of Masculinity ( 1977 ) Macionis and Plummer: Sociology. A Global Introduction ( 2002 ) 2nd edition Carl Backman and Murray Adams – Self Perceived Physical Attractiveness. ego asteem. race and gender – Sociological focal point vol. 24 ( 1991 )