Health and social care Essay Sample

I am traveling to place and explicate six possible jeopardies within a wellness or societal attention puting and discourse the wellness. safety and security hazards to the service users originating from the jeopardies I identify.

A jeopardy is something that could do injury and a hazard is the opportunity. high or low that person could be harmed by that jeopardy. A wellness hazard is a hazard taking to an unwellness. a safety hazard is a hazard taking to a personal hurt or harm to equipment and edifices and a security hazard is a hazard taking to theft. abduction. and interlopers or go forthing without consent.

A first possible jeopardy that could originate in a wellness and societal attention puting is a spillage. For illustration in a attention place. there has been a H2O spillage on the floor of the hallway. The hazard of this jeopardy is that an older individual could steal on the spillage. The injury that may happen from the spillage is that the older individual may interrupt castanetss or could be severely bruised. This is a safety hazard. To take the hazard. the spillage could be cleaned up or a wet floor mark put on top of the spillage.

A 2nd possible jeopardy that could originate in a wellness and societal attention puting is risky substances. For illustration. in a infirmary. a cleaning closet is left unbarred and unfastened ; a kid goes into the closet and drinks a cleaning merchandise. This is a safety hazard and a security hazard. The hazard of a individual acquiring clasp of cleansing substances could take to a safety hazard such as Burnss. marking being poisoned or deceasing. There is besides wellness hazards as imbibing toxicant substances could take to unwellnesss and jobs in ulterior life. It is eventually a security hazard. as people could travel into the closets and steal the merchandises. bing the infirmary money and besides traveling against the wellness and safety at work act. To take the hazard. the cleansing substances should be controlled and locked off.

A 3rd jeopardy that may originate in a wellness and societal attention puting is equipment such as a fire asphyxiator. For illustration in a twenty-four hours Centre there is merely one fire asphyxiator that is located in a topographic point where no 1 can acquire to. The hazard of this jeopardy is that if there is a fire. the fire asphyxiator is out of range. doing the state of affairs more unsafe. The safety hazard of this jeopardy is that people may be trapped and they can non set the fire out. doing them to fire or decease. The wellness hazard of this jeopardy is that if people inhale to much fume from the fire they could perchance hold C monoxide toxic condition or long term take a breathing problems/lung failure. The hazard of this jeopardy could be overcome by more fire asphyxiators being put into topographic point. in easy to make countries. Besides. each individual that comes into the edifice should be told where the fire asphyxiators are located. This is a safety and security hazard. A 4th jeopardy that may originate in a wellness and societal attention puting is disputing behavior. The hazard of this jeopardy is that the carer or service user may go aggressive. For illustration. in a children’s attention place. a kid is non collaborating with their carer. The injury that may happen is the carer could go aggressive to the kid.

To take the hazard. the carer should be changed or should seek more schemes to get the better of disputing behavior. This is a safety hazard and besides a wellness hazard as it could take to farther jobs such as depression. A 5th possible jeopardy that may happen in a wellness and societal attention puting is infection. For illustration. in a sexual wellness clinic. a patient has a contagious infection called itchs. The hazard of this jeopardy is that the sexual wellness nurse may catch the infection. The injury that may happen from the jeopardy is that people could rub the itchs and mark their tegument. To take the hazard. the sexual wellness nurse should have on personal protective equipment. like baseball mitts and an apron. This is a wellness hazard. A 6th possible jeopardy that may happen in a wellness and societal attention puting is deficiency of staff preparation. The hazard of this jeopardy is that staff may non cognize about new Torahs or regulations that have been put into topographic point. seting them or others in danger. For illustration. in a mental wellness institute. a mental wellness nurse has non had staff preparation for over 2 old ages and does non cognize about new Torahs that have been put into topographic point. The hazard of this jeopardy could be overcome by more or better staff preparation being put into topographic point. This is a security hazard.

Other things that could be risky are:
Physical environment
The physical environment includes everything around you. It has a immense impact on the wellbeing of staff and persons. For illustration ; hapless airing in the environment may increase the spread of airborne diseases. Equipment

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Equipment must be working right and to the full maintained at all times. Mistakes must be recorded. Hazards from equipment could include ; Untidiness. hapless care. insecure pattern and deficiency of consciousness

Portable Appliance Testing ( PAT ) is an of import portion of a company’s or individual’s duty to wellness and safety. This is done utilizing a series of specialized testing processs on portable contraptions. If something is non glib tested. these contraptions could be unsafe.

P2
I am now traveling to sketch six of the chief statute laws used in a wellness and societal attention puting and sketch how policies and processs reflect their demands.

Policy and processs
A policy is a set of steering rules to assist with determination devising. A process is how each policy will be put into action in the administration. Health and safety policies include: Safeguarding
Coverage of accidents
Fire emptying
Security of premises. ownerships and persons
Food safety
Working entirely
Storage and dispensing of medical specialties

There are many functions and duties within wellness and safety. The chief function and duty within wellness and safety it to follow organizational safety and security processs ; this will keep the safety of yourself and others. Other functions and duties within wellness and societal attention are to understate hazards. understand bounds of your ain duty. trade with incidents and outgrowths. study and maintain records of incidents and outgrowths.

The six chief statute laws I am traveling to sketch are:
Manual handling ordinances 1992
Control of substances risky to wellness ordinances 2002
Coverage of hurts. diseases and unsafe happenings ordinance 2995 Personal protective equipment at work ordinance 1992
Data protection act 1998
Health and safety at work act 1974

Manual handling 1992
Harmonizing to the wellness and safety executive “Manual handling causes over a 3rd of all workplace hurts. ” including raising. take downing. forcing. pulling and carrying. If any of these undertakings are non carried out suitably there is a hazard of hurt. It is the employer’s responsibility to avoid manual handling if there is a possibility of hurt. If this can non be done so they must cut down the hazard of hurt every bit far as moderately operable. The employer should avoid risky manual handling operations so far as moderately operable. measure any risky manual handling operations that can non be avoided and take stairss to cut down the hazards of hurt.

Harmonizing to the wellness and safety executive. the figures in 2012 – 2013 in the United Kingdom had “148 workers killed at work. 78. 000 other hurts to employees were reported under RIDDOR. 175. 000 over 7-day absence hurts occurred. 1. 1 million working people were enduring from a work related unwellness. 27 million on the job yearss were lost due to work related unwellness and work related hurt and workplace hurts and sick wellness ( excepting malignant neoplastic disease ) cost society an estimated £13. 8 billion”

In order to cut down the hazard of hurt the individual who is managing the burden. these stairss should be taken: Plan every lift to cut down to be every bit safe as possible
Use raising AIDSs when people can non travel independently or when traveling heavy objects Avoid raising from the floor
Avoid writhing your organic structure
Keep the burden near to your organic structure

Health and safety at work act 1974
Employers are responsible for the wellness and safety of anyone on their premises. employers must: 1. Transport out a hazard appraisal
2. Make certain there is a wellness and safety policy and appoint person to be in charge of wellness and safety issues 3. Keep a record of all accidents
4. Make certain the concern is insured

Employees have duty to:
1. Take duty towards their ain and others wellness and safety 2. Not make anything intentionally that could harm person else

Control of substances risky to wellness 2002
COSHH is a process that comes under the Health and safety at work act 1974. Employers need to either prevent or cut down their workers’ exposure to substances that are risky to their wellness. Substances can be controlled by: Finding out what the wellness jeopardies are

Deciding how to forestall injury to wellness ( risk appraisal )
Supplying control step to cut down injury to wellness
Making certain that these steps are used
Keeping all control measures in good working order
Supplying information. direction and preparation for employees and others Supplying monitoring and wellness surveillance in appropriate instances Planing for exigencies
COSHH preparation can besides be introduced to safeguard your employees. COSHH developing involves learning them to place steps and command the exposure to harmful substances. The COSHH preparation will assist the employee to understanding how and which substances can harm wellness. how to transport out a hazard appraisal and besides a better apprehension of control steps in work.

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Here are the marks that would be put on risky substances. doing you cognizant of why it is risky. Coverage of hurts. diseases and unsafe happenings ordinance 1995 Within RIDDOR. certain things should be reported to the local council or the wellness and safety executive. The things that should be reported are: Deaths

Major hurts
If an employee is off from work for over three yearss
Injuries to the populace when they are taken from the scene of an accident to hospital Some work related diseases
Dangerous happenings – when something happens that Department of State non ensue in hurt. but could hold been.

When describing an hurt. disease or unsafe happening. there are certain things that need to be recorded such as: The day of the month. clip and the location of the incident
Personal inside informations of those involved
Brief description of what happened or the nature of the disease

Data protection act 1998
The information protection act is the jurisprudence based on roll uping. keeping. utilizing. processing. revelation and protection of personal informations. It controls how your informations and information is use by administrations and the authorities. Peoples who are keeping others information have rules they must follow about the information that they are keeping. Harmonizing to GOV they must do certain the information is:

Used reasonably and legitimately
Used for limited. specifically stated purposed
Used in a manner that is equal. relevant and non inordinate
Accurate
Kept for no longer than necessary
Handled harmonizing to people’s informations protection rights
Kept safe and secure
Not transferred outside the UK without equal protection

Personal information is about populating people. Personal information contains things such as ; the person’s name. a person’s reference and a person’s banking inside informations.

Sensitive information has stronger protection than personal information. This includes information such as ; cultural background. political sentiments. spiritual beliefs. wellness. sexual wellness and condemnable records.

Information within the information protection act can be breached in certain state of affairss. Information may be breached in person is seting person or themself in danger. It may besides be breached by the national security or armed forces and in the probe of a offense.

Information that is under informations protection may merely be stored in two ways ; paper based or electronically. If the information is paper based it should be locked off where people can non entree it. merely people who are authorized to. If it is electronic. is should be protected by a watchword. where merely authorised people know the watchword.

Personal protective equipment at work ordinance 1992
PPE ( Personal protective equipment ) is equipment that is worn to halt potentially harmful substances or conditions. It is a process that comes under the Health and safety at work act 1974. PPE is have oning equipment such as:

Eye and face protection ( For illustration: goggles and face shields ) Body Protection ( For illustration: aprons and coveralls )
Head protection ( For illustration: difficult chapeaus )
Foot and leg protection ( For illustration: safety boots. steel toe boots ) Hand protection ( For illustration: baseball mitts )

The Regulations besides require that PPE is ; decently assed before usage. to do certain it is fit for the intent and besides that it is in working status. maintained and stored decently. provided with direction on how to utilize it safely and that it is used right by employees.

I am now traveling to explicate possible precedences and responses when covering with two peculiar incidents or exigencies in a wellness and societal attention puting. The first incident I am traveling to place is a autumn. I am traveling to explicate the precedences and responses to the incident I have chosen.

An older adult female in a residential attention place has tripped over a wire while walking to sit down. She has fell onto her tummy and is ballad faced down with her arm under her tummy. This could ensue in an hurt to her arm or perchance hurt to her caput. I would do certain that the wire she fell over is moved so no 1 else can fall over. I would talk to the older lady to do certain she is witting and if she is in any hurting. These are the stairss that I would take within this incident:

These are the stairss that I would take:
1. Measure the cause of autumn
2. Make non travel until told so
3. Ask for any informant
4. If client is able to talk. inquire them of any hurting or uncomfortableness
5. Observe by and large the place of the client. the coloring material and their witting degree
6. Is the client able to travel by themself
7. Merely attempt and travel if you are certain nil is serious
8. You may necessitate to name for aid
9. You may necessitate to utilize equipment to assist raise the client to their pess 10. Call the Doctor to look into client over even if they seem uninjured

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After this accident. it should be recorded in the accident book. The casualty’s name. the nature of the hurt. the clip and location of the accident and the first assistance intervention given should all be recorded.

The 2nd exigency I am traveling to place is a fire emptying. I am traveling to explicate the precedences and responses to the incident I have chosen.

In a support school a fire has lighted and everyone demands to acquire out of the edifice. The school consists of kids with larning disablements. wheelchair users and the staff in the school. I need to do certain that everyone is out of the edifice and is safe. I besides need to do certain that I do a registry to do certain who may still be in the edifice and to do sure who has evacuated.

These are the stairss that I would take in this state of affairs ( in a fire emptying ) : 1. Fire starts
2. Person identifies fire or the fume sensor identifies the fume 3. The alarm sets of by sensor or by a individual
4. Everyone should evacuate the edifice by walking and non running ( wheelchair users should be left under the step good as it is the safest topographic point for them to wait for aid ) 5. Persons should go forth at the nearest fire issue

6. The fire wardens will get and look into the edifice ( the will already cognize the layout of the edifice as they print it off on the manner to the exigency ) 7. Everyone should run into at the fire emptying point

8. A registry should be taken at the fire emptying point. so whoever is losing. the fire wardens will cognize and can recover them from the edifice ( the wheelchair users ) 9. The fire will be put out by the fire wardens

M3
I am now traveling to discourse wellness. safety or security concerns originating from a specific incident or exigency in a wellness or societal attention puting. With the first incident I have chosen ; a autumn. other concerns may originate from the incident. A first concern that could originate may be another individual falling. If I did non travel the wire of which the adult female fell over. it could set others at hazard of hurt. as they could fall over the wire excessively. A 2nd concern that may originate from the incident is infection. When the adult female fell. if she had any cuts or grazes. I could hold caught infection as I was non have oning any PPE when managing the client. Infections such as HIV can be transmitted from blood to blood contact. A 3rd concern that may originate from the incident is other people panicking. As the adult female has fallen. the other service users in the residential place may go panicky. I should do certain everyone is unagitated.

The 2nd exigency I have chosen ; a fire emptying. other concerns may originate from the exigency. A first concern that could originate may be larceny. As the edifice is empty and unbarred. there could be interlopers who may come in the edifice and rob from the edifice. A 2nd concern that could originate may be a wheelchair user going trapped or stuck. As the edifice is on fire. they may be left in the room as they are non able to open the door. A 3rd concern that could originate is a wheelchair user being insecure at the fire emptying point. or non being able to entree it. If the fire emptying point is on a hill. this could take to the service user being insecure as they could turn over backwards on the hill. The fire emptying point may besides be unaccessible for a wheelchair user to acquire to. A concluding concern that could originate is the fire emptying point being unsafe. If the fire emptying point is in a auto park for illustration. this could take to the service users being ran over.

Bibliography
University of Western Australia – hypertext transfer protocol: //www. safety. uwa. edu. au/incidents-injuries-emergency/procedures? SQ_BACKEND_PAGE=main & A ; backend_section=am & A ; am_section=edit_asset & A ; assetid=1706947 & A ; asset_ei_screen=contents & A ; sq_link_path= & A ; sq_asset_path=1706947 # evac ( Accessed 06/03/2014 at 11:29 )

Health and safety executive hypertext transfer protocol: //www. hse. gov. uk/statistics/ ( Accessed 14/03/2014 at 10:59 )

Health and safety executive hypertext transfer protocol: //www. hse. gov. uk/toolbox/manual. htm ( Accessed 14/03/2014 at 11:18 )

hypertext transfer protocol: //blog. stocksigns. co. uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/what-do-the-coshh-symbols-mean. jpg ( Accessed 14/03/2014 at 11:50 )

hypertext transfer protocol: //www. gov. uk/data-protection/the-data-protection-act ( Accessed 17/13/2014 at 10:04 )