Food and Nutrition Notes Essay Sample

Though scorbutus is a really rare disease. it still occurs in some patients – normally aged people. alkies. or those that live on a diet devoid of fresh fruits and veggies. Similarly. babies or kids who are on particular or hapless diets for any figure of economic or societal grounds may be prone to scurvy. 16 ) hypertext transfer protocol: //www. articlesbase. com/anti-aging-articles/americans-unhealthy-lifestyle-is-the-leading-cause-of-death-407805. html A survey by Mathew Reeves. a Michigan State University epidemiologist finds that merely

3 % of Americans maintain a healthy life style.
14 ) hypertext transfer protocol: //www. wrongdiagnosis. com/v/vitamin_a_overdose/causes. htm
•Skin desquamation
•Hair loss
•Orange tegument

Organic V modified nutrient
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. trustyguides. com/healthy-eating8. hypertext markup language
Healthy Eating
by Andrew Alexander
Alexander. A. ( n. d. ) . Healthy Eating. Curiosity Media Inc. Retrieved April 10. 2010. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. trustyguides. com/healthy-eating8. hypertext markup language •Organic nutrient are grown 100 per centum of course. without any man-made chemical pesticides or fertilisers •People buy organic nutrient so they can avoid eating chemicals •Although people eating organic nutrient make ingest less chemicals. but harmonizing to a 202 survey by Consumer Union. the Yonkers. NY-based publishing house of Consumer Reports magazine provinces that “customers who buy organic are exposed to about a 3rd as many residues as those who buy conventionally grown nutrients. ” •So far there has been a full on conclusive grounds that pesticides degrees on the nutrient are at a high plenty degree to be harmful to worlds •Most experts say there is a really little sum of pesticides on our fruits and veggies and if washed most of it will be cleaned off. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. differencebetween. net/object/difference-between-organic-and-inorganic-food/ Difference Between Organic and Inorganic Food

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( 2009 ) . Difference Between Organic and Inorganic Food. Difference Between. Retrieved April 10. 2010. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. differencebetween. net/object/difference-between-organic-and-inorganic-food/ Organic

•Organic nutrient can non be genetically altered in any manner.
•Manure and compost are bulk of natural fertilisers
•Farms can besides set insecticidal soap or neem oil
•Less chemicals few the carcinogens
•Also gustatory sensation better

GM or Genetically modified nutrient
•Food has been changed at a familial degree.
•Such as cross genteelness to make hardier or tastier strains •SM seeds can besides be drought resistant or higher output

hypertext transfer protocol: //www. agronomy-journal. org/index. php? option=article & A ; access=doi & A ; doi=10. 1051/agro/2009019 Lairon. D. ( 2009 ) . Nutritional quality and safety of organic nutrient. A reappraisal ( Vols. 30 – 1. Agron. Sustain. Dev. erectile dysfunction. . pp. 33 -41 ) . EDP Sciences. Retrieved April 10. 2010. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. agronomy-journal. org/index. php? option=article & A ; access=doi & A ; doi=10. 1051/agro/2009019

IssueAgron. Sustain. Dev.
Volume 30. Number 1. January-March 2010
Page ( s ) 33 – 41
DOI10. 1051/agro/2009019
Published online08 July 2009

Agron. Sustain. Dev. 30 ( 2010 ) 33-41
Nutritional quality and safety of organic nutrient. A reappraisal
Denis Lairon
INRA. UMR 1260. Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques. U476. Univ. Aix-Marseille 1. Univ. Aix-Marseille 2. Faculté de Médecine. 13385 Marseille. France Corresponding writer: [ electronic mail protected ]

Accepted: 6 May 2009
•This reappraisal is based on the AFSSA study issued and late published surveies •1 organic works has more dry affair and minerals such as Fe and Mg. has more anti oxidizers. contains more polyunsaturated fatty acids •94-100 % organic nutrients have no pesticides resiude

•Organic veggies have 50 % less nitrate
•Organic cereals nevertheless have fundamentally the same degrees of mycotoxins. as normal cereals
•Vegetarian vs. not vegetarian pros vs. cons

Vegi Diet
•Myth that 100 per centum vegi dieters are healthier than most of us •On mean they suffer merely every bit many if non more medical jobs •Kidney and liver are the chief two organics to bespeak if a individual would profit from a vegi or a no vegi diet •People who have lower degrees of Fe. protein. P. Na. and manganese. and have higher degrees of K and Zn are better suited for a higher meat ingestion type of diet •Where as people will higher degrees of Fe. protein. Na. P. and manganese and lower degrees of Zn and K are better suited for a vegi diet Non Veg

•No vegi replacement for vitamin B12
•Herbivores ex coneies eat workss with insects in them to acquire the needed sum of vitamin B12 •The liver is where vitamin B12 is stored and last a few twelvemonth before the B12 runs out. if a individual switches into a consecutive Vegi diet •Grown Childern that are vegetarian have a much higher per centum of B12 defiiency

Vegetarianism ; the pros and cons of a meatless diet

Kristin Higgins
Vegi ( pros )
•Research shows that vegetarians are less likely to go corpulent •Also less likely to develop atonic ( decreased musculus tone ) irregularity. lung malignant neoplastic disease. and alcohol addiction. •Vegi diets besides lowers the hazard of high blood pressure. coronary arteria disease ( due to less concentrated fats. cholesterin. and carnal protein ) . type 2 diabetes. and bilestones •Lower hazard for chest malignant neoplastic disease. diverticular disease of the colon. colonic malignant neoplastic disease. Ca kidney rocks. osteoporosis. dental eroding •Life span from a vegetarian to a non vegetiarain is around the same or a spot higher •BMI for non meats are lower

•For meat feeders males the BMI was 23. 18 Kg/m2 and for non meat feeder males it was 22. 05 Kg/m2 •For meat feeders females the BMI was 22. 32Kg/m2 and for non femeat feeder males it was 21. 32 Kg/m2 •Studies show that survival rate additions with a diet of certain works protein and decreases albuminurias. glomerular filtration rate. nephritic blood flow. and histologic nephritic harm

Vegan ( who eat eggs no meat or milk )
•Have lower degrees of Vit D and Calium intake
•Lack of Vit D can bring forth rachitiss in kids
•Lack of Calcium can bring forth osteoporosis subsequently in life
•Vegan are hazard for Fe lack because of the deficiency of animate being protein and because high fibre diet ( soy. bran ) enables Fe to be absorbed •Can get protein lack which can hold effects such as loss of hair. musculus mass and unnatural accretion of fluid •Vegi have level bone mineral denseness 1. 148 vs. 1. 216 ( meat feeders ) •Ph. D associate professor of nutrient scientific discipline and human nutrition at University of Missouri. Columbia. Gretchen Hill. believes Children have the greatest hazard of wellness jobs when they reach 40-60 because of the instabilities with micronutrients ex Fe. Zn. and Cu •Copper is crutial for a kid as it strengthens their immune system and physiques red blood cells. •Children non run into their Zn demands with out meet

•Protien lack can take to stuenteed growing
•Pregnant vegetarians must do certain they have a high plenty calorie consumption or the kid may hold a low birth weight •Low degrees of Vit b12 can be unsafe to fuss and pamper during gestation illness caused by meat

•Eating meat that is undercooked or imbibing unpasteurised milk can acquire a individual ill by the spread of bacteriums •E. coli is a bacterium that lives in the bowel of animate beings and people. it the bacterium acquire into your nutrient or H2O you can develop many jobs •In 1999 around 73 000 people in US got ill each twelvemonth from E. coli •Raw veggies. sprouts. and fruits grown or
washed in soiled H2O can besides transport E. coli •The symptoms are Bloody diarrhoea and tummy hurting

•Children under 5 and the aged can go highly ill by the bacteriums and erstwhile green goods fatal

hypertext transfer protocol: //www. labtestsonline. org/understanding/conditions/malnutrition. hypertext markup language ( 2009 ) . Malnutrition. American Association for Clinical Chemistry. Retrieved April 10. 2010. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. labtestsonline. org/understanding/conditions/malnutrition. html •Malnutrition is when a individual is non receive adequate foods for the organic structure to work expeditiously •Malnutrition is normally caused by under nutrition but can besides be caused by complete nutrition every bit good. •Constantly eating can take to fleshiness and metabolic syndrome a reduced ability to treat glucose ( increased blood glucose and/or insulin opposition ) . they are at a great hazard of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. •Also overnutirtion can be from vitamins or mineral toxicity. produced by over supplementation of fat soluble vitamins like Vit A •Under Nutrition is when critical foods are non taken at a high adequate measure for your organic structure to work right •This can be from deficiency of nutrient. or “disease that lessening the body’s ability to digest and absorb nutrients”

•Most important clip a individuals life for foods are During babyhood. adolescence. and gestation. deficiency of foods at this clip can bring forth a status called marasmus which is a thin organic structure and scrawny growing. •If the kid has adequate Calories but non plenty protein the kid will develop a status called kwashiorkor which enlarges the liver. apathy. and delays development •Lack of vitamins can impact the bone and tissue development. such as lower degrees of folic acid during gestation can do birth defects •Malnourished people have a weaker immune system and take longer clip to mend after surgery •Chronic disease can besides lend to alimentary loss. greater alimentary demand. and or mal soaking up ( doesn’t absorbed foods ) •Malabsorption can be caused by diseases like celiac disease. cystic fibrosis. pancreatic inadequacy. and baneful anaemia •Patients with HIV suffer from Malabsorption as appetite lessenings less foods captive •People who abuse drugs or intoxicant besides may develop Malabsorption Obesity

Obesity V over weight
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. naturesintentionsnaturopathy. com/weight-loss/facts. htm ( n. d. ) . FACTS – OBESITY VERSUS OVERWEIGHT. Nature’s Intentions Naturopathic Clinic. Retrieved April 10. 2010. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. naturesintentionsnaturopathy. com/weight-loss/facts. htm •According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination study 111. one and every three Americans are obsess •Obesity is some who is 20 per centum over their ideal weight for their tallness •The figure of corpulent kids have double since 1961 because of high sugar and fat diet. and besides due to physical inaction •BMI of an fleshy individual is 24 to 27 kg/m2 and a BMI of over 27 kg/m2 as corpulent. •Overweight and fleshiness leads to adverse metabolic effects on blood force per unit area. cholesterin. triglycerides and insulin opposition

•The non fatal effects of fleshiness are respiratory troubles. chronic musculoskeletal jobs. clamber jobs and sterility. •Life endangering jobs are CVD jobs ; conditions associated with insulin opposition such as type 2 diabetes ; certain types of malignant neoplastic diseases. particularly the hormonally related and large-bowel malignant neoplastic diseases ; and gallbladder disease. •Higher organic structure fat per centum more likely a individual is traveling to develop Type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure rises •Aprrox 85 % of people with people with diabetes are type 2. and of these. 90 % are corpulent or fleshy •Higher BMI increase the hazard of malignant neoplastic disease of the chest. colon. prostrate. endometroium. kidney and gall bladder. •overweight and fleshiness contribute significantly to osteoarthritis. a major cause of disablement in grownups •

1. Hyper fictile – increased figure of fat cells throughout the organic structure 2. Hypertrophic – addition in the size of each single fat cell. Linked to diabetes. bosom disease. high blood force per unit area and other serious perturbations of metamorphosis. Normally around the waist ( typically seen in males ) Causes of fleshiness

1. Psychological –decreased sensitiveness to internal cues of hungriness 2. Watching telecasting! – reduces physical activity and lowers basal/resting metabolic rate 3. Physiological – encephalon 5-hydroxytryptamine degrees. diet induced thermo generation. metamorphosis of the fat cells. and sensitiveness to insulin 4. Surveies have shown that with eating diets deficient in tryptophan cause an addition in appetite. ensuing in orgy feeding of saccharides hypertext transfer protocols: //www. obesitycanada. com/

•Experts estimate that 10 to 25 % of all adolescents and 20 to 50 % of all grownups have a weight job •There are many lending factors to fleshiness: activity degrees. diet. familial. metabolic. environmental. societal. economic. psychologic. behavioural and biological. Activity degrees have important impact on the organic structure systems that control nutrient storage and use of energy. Low activity degrees ( typified by the “couch potato” ) cause an addition in the storage of extra nutrient energy as fat. •There is besides turning grounds that familial factors influence the body’s inclination to hive away energy either as fat or as thin organic structure tissue ( musculus ) . Metabolic procedures besides influence fleshiness. ( The word metamorphosis describes the sum sum of all of the chemical reactions that occur in the organic structure ) . •Other lending factors include endocrinal disfunction. such as adrenal disease or diabetes. However. endocrinal causes of fleshiness are comparatively uncommon. •However. inaction and hapless diet are the two most of import contributing factors to excessive weight addition.

•Obesity in Canada – Snapshot
•Date Modified: 2009-06-17
•In the 2007 Canadian Community Health Survey. the self-reported rate of grownup fleshiness ( age 18+ ) was 17 % . •The existent rate of fleshiness is likely much higher. closer to 25 % . •Across Canada. self-reported rates of fleshiness have increased from 2003 to 2005 and once more in 2007. •Obesity rates for both work forces and adult females addition with age. get downing at age 20 and go oning until age 65. •After age 65. fleshiness rates decline.

•In 2005. the mensural rate of fleshiness for young person 12 to 17 was 9. 4 % . about two times higher than the self-reported rate ( 4. 9 % ) . •Self-reported informations from 2002/03 suggest that fleshiness rates are high among First Nations grownups ( 36. 0 % ) . young person ( 14. 0 % ) and kids ( 36. 2 % ) . •In 2007. the self-reported fleshiness rate among off-reserve Aboriginal grownups was 24. 8 % . compared to 16. 6 % for non-Aboriginal grownups. •Unlike other wellness issues such as mortality or life anticipation. for which there is a clear disadvantage for those with lower income. the relationship between income and fleshiness is non clear.

•In 2005. obesity-related chronic conditions accounted for $ 4. 3 billion in direct ( $ 1. 8 billion ) and indirect ( $ 2. 5 billion ) costs – a figure that may be an underestimate of the entire costs of extra weight in Canada. *Source: Chronic Disease Surveillance Division. Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control. Public Health Agency of Canada. utilizing the undermentioned information beginnings: Measured – 1978/79 Canada Health Survey ; 1989 Canadian Heart Health Surveys ( ages 18-74 ) ; 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey ; Nutrition ; 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey. Self-reported – 1985 and 1990 Health Promotion Survey ; 1994/95. 1996/97. 1998/99 National Population Health Survey ; 2000/01. 2003. 2005. 2007 Canadian Community Health Survey. Note: This analysis excludes the districts. The per centums exclude non-response.

Vitamin A
( found in two signifiers:
vitamin A1 and beta provitamin A ) Necessary for vision in dim visible radiation. for healthy tegument and surface tissues. particularly those which excrete mucous secretion ( for illustration the bowels. lungs and vagina ) . In add-on. it prevents infections and is necessary for the immune systemFish liver oils ( for illustration pod or halibut liver oil ) . liver. carrots. fortified oleo. cheese and dark green leafy veggies Vitamin D

( found in two chief signifiers: vitamin D and vitamin D ) For the growing and care of castanetss and dentitions through ordinance of soaking up and metamorphosis of calciumOily fish. eggs. milk. fortified breakfast cereals and bastioned oleo. Besides created in the organic structure by action of sunshine on the tegument Vitamin E

( found as a group of compounds called vitamin Es ) Protection of cell membranes and fats from oxidative harm ; protection of vitamin A. immune system and nervous systemVegetable oils. eggs. whole grains. green veggies and nuts Vitamin K

( covers a figure of compounds. including vitamin K1 ) Is necessary for normal blood curdling and energy metabolismDark green leafy veggies. liver. meat. murphies and cereals Vitamin B1
( vitamin B1 ) For energy metamorphosis. particularly from carbohydratesBread. murphies. milk. meat ( particularly porc ) . offal. whole grain cereals and fortified breakfast cereals Vitamin B2
( vitamin B2 ) Essential for the use of energy from nutrients. particularly fats and proteinsMilk. meat ( peculiarly liver ) and eggs Niacin ( besides known as vitamin PP )

( nicotinic acid ) Necessary for energy metabolismMeat. murphies. staff of life and fortified breakfast cereals Pantothenic Acid ( besides known as vitamin B5 ) Energy metamorphosis and production of neurotransmitters for the nervous systemYeast. liver. whole grains. leafy vegetables and nuts. In fact it is found in virtually all nutrients Vitamin B6

( found as a group of compounds. including vitamin B6 ) Necessary for protein metamorphosis. peculiarly of hemoglobinPotatoes. veggies. meat. milk and fish Vitamin B12

( found as a group of compounds. including vitamin B12 and hydroxocobalamin ) For the production of blood ( ruddy cells ) . nervous system. synthesis of DNALiver. milk. fish and eggs Folic Acid ( besides known as vitamin Bc or M ) Necessary for the production of blood ( ruddy cells ) . nervous system. synthesis of DNAOffal and natural green veggies Biotin ( besides known as vitamin H ) For protein and fat metabolismLiver and kidneys. whole grains and nuts Vitamin C

( found as a group of compounds. including ascorbic acid ) Necessary for the care of connective tissues ( including sinews. ligaments and gristle ) . In add-on. it helps wound mending. production of endocrines. the immune system and protects vitamins A and EFresh fruit. particularly citrus fruits and veggies ( peculiarly murphies )

MineralsFunctionFood beginnings
SodiumHelps modulate organic structure fluids and is involved in energy release. operation of nervousnesss and musculus contraction. Increases blood pressureSalt. staff of life and cereal merchandises. bacon. jambon. shellfish. smoke-cured fish. soy sauce and nutrients that have been preserved by utilizing salt PotassiumIs used in the body’s fluid balance and is involved in membrane maps. musculus map and reduces blood pressurePotatoes. veggies. leafy vegetables. porc. dairy merchandises. fruit ( particularly bananas ) and juices CalciumFor castanetss and dentitions. blood curdling. endocrine secernment. musculus and nervus functionMilk. cheese. staff of life and flour. green leafy veggies and little oily fish with castanetss MagnesiumInvolved in musculus tone and activates enzymesMilk. staff of life. murphies and veggies IronNecessary for the industry of haemoglobin in blood ( ruddy cells ) oxygen conveyance and transportation to tissues. activates enzymesRed meats. liver. flour and cereal merchandises. murphies and veggies ZincFor growing. bone metamorphosis. activation of enzymes. release of vitamin A from liver. immune system. gustatory sensation and insulin storageMeat. liver. seafood ( particularly oysters ) milk. staff of life and cereals CopperEssential for enzyme map. particularly blood formation. bone metamorphosis. immune system. nerve map and energy metamorphosis

Oysters. mussels. whelks. liver. brewer’s barm. whole grains. nuts and chocolate ManganeseNecessary for enzyme activation and cell construction ( works with Ca and Fe ) Whole wheat staff of life. wheat source. nuts. alligator pear. peas and tea MolybdenumInvolved in enzyme functionsLiver. kidney. wheat source. lentils. sunflower seeds. eggs and beans SeleniumHas an enzyme map protecting cell membranes and fats from oxidative harm ( works with vitamin E ) Nuts ( particularly brazils ) . seeds. staff of life. fish and meat ( particularly porc ) ChromiumEnhances the action of insulin on glucose uptake by cellsEgg yolk. liver. cheese. whole wheat merchandises. molasses and brewer’s barm IodineA necessary constituent of thyroid hormonesOily fish. seaweed. meat. milk and iodinated tabular array salt PhosphorusAccommodates energy shops. castanetss. membrane map and growthDairy merchandises. eggs. meat. fish. soya beans. soybean merchandises. pulsations and wheat bran