There are many different definitions of domestic terrorist act. However. I define domestic terrorist act as physical force. existent or threatened. against an organisation to make fright in order to consequence some sort of political and or societal alteration within the United States. Unlike international terrorist act. domestic terrorist act is normally carried out by local citizens who have become pained or experience threaten or believe they have or will be mistreated by organisations within their ain society ( authorities and spiritual constructions ) . There are two specific types of domestic terrorist act. They are “terrorism from above” and “terrorism from below”
Terrorism from above occurs when individuals who are lawfully empowered either covertly or overtly use. or endanger to utilize. political force to keep or support political power within their domestic boundary lines. or to keep. support. subvert. or sabotage the political power of other states within the international community. One illustration of terrorist act from above is the American Slavery. In 1619. black slaves arrived in colonial America with several different servitudes. However. within four decennaries. they would be lawfully restricted to merely one: captivity. For more than two centuries Blacks who were purchased were physically and emotionally terrorized under the legal system of bondage. Slavery was justified by the local authorities in order to work out the labour deficits in the settlements. Slavery would be supported and justified by colonial swayers for the following 250 old ages. ( Whamond page 37 )
Terrorism from below occurs when individuals use. or endanger to utilize. political force either to sabotage or subvert bing governmental policies or constructions. or to intimidate persons and groups they perceive as endangering to the societal. political. economic. or ideological position quo. Probably the most celebrated illustration of terrorist act from below is the Ku Klux Klan. The Klan’s underlying thoughts of racial separation and white Protestant domination echoed throughout white society in the 1920s. as racial and spiritual hates determined the political duologue in many communities. Few white-controlled establishments or organisations in the United States either practiced or espoused racial integrating or equality. leting the Klan to proudly proclaim its continuity with established sentiment among whtes.
( Whamond page 49 )
Miki Vohryzek-Bolden. Gayle Olson-Raymer. Jeffery O. Whamond. ( 2001 ) Domestic Terrorism and Incident Management: Issues and Tactics. ( 3-72 )