TYPES OF DECISIONS
1. Curriculum Policies
reflects the values and doctrine of the school
set out the school’s aims. rules and processs for the bringing of the course of study
2. Curriculum Design
refers to the agreement of the elements of a course of study into a substantial entity.
3. Execution Schemes
refers to the methods and attacks to larning
4. Evaluation Procedure
measuring the student’s public presentations
Paper and pencil trials are the most common signifiers of scrutiny in the schools.
5. Learning stuffs
Educational stuffs used by instructors and pupils
LEVELS OF DECISION-MAKING
National Level Multi-sectoral National Committees
Regional LevelMulti-sectoral Regional Committees
School GroupPrivate and Public
SchoolFaculty. School Committee
Teacher’s GroupDepartment. Curriculum Committees
1. National Level
Decision – devising is done by the National Multi-sectoral Committee. DepEd is one of the sectors of the said commission. DepEd fulfills its authorization through the four major organisational strata: section proper. section services ( Planing Service. Financial Management Service. Administrative Service. Human Resource Development Service. Technical Service ) . the four agency ( Elementary Education. Secondary Education. Non-Formal Education/Alternative Learning System and Physical Education and School Sport. and 15 regional offices. DepEd is tasked with the maps and duty of administrating the national instruction system. Decisions on what topics to include in the course of study are consequences of province statute law or national policies. Some determinations follow the push of DepEd.
Multi-sectoral national commission develops educational policies. criterions and plans for course of study development and execution. Example: The development of the national course of study for basic instruction such as the Program for Decentralized Educational Development ( PRODED ) for simple and the Secondary Education Development Program ( SEDP ) Multi-sectoral commissions took portion in planing the course of study. Each course of study development undertaking comprised several constituents. PRODED constituents:
1. Development of the New Elementary School Curriculum ( NESC )
2. Physical installations and staff development
3. Instructional stuffs development
4. Technical aid
5. research/special surveies.
1. The New Secondary Education Curriculum ( NSEC )
2. Upgrading of physical installations and equipment
3. Instructional stuffs development
4. in-service preparation
5. Aid for quality betterment and sector direction. and rating. Both PRODED and SEDP:
the development of text editions. class ushers. course of study. acquisition bundles and lesson programs besides involve the engagement of different sectors and different degrees in the educational system.
2. Regional Degree
Decision-making is done by the Multi-sectoral Regional Committee It was headed by a Regional Director.
When it comes to curriculum development. this flat implement and adapts educational plans to accommodate the demands of each region/division/district.
3. School Group Level
It covers both private and public
It was headed by a School Superintendent.
Decisions of Explicating the vision. mission and aims of the school are being decided For case. in some private sectarian schools they are necessitating faith topics.
4. School Level
It comprises the module and school commission.
It was headed by a Principal.
The commission employs assorted activities that enhance womb-to-tomb competences Supervise the usage of instructional stuffs by scholars and instructors
5. Teachers’ Group
It refers to the instructors in each section.
Preferences of instructors become the footing for taking the focal point of schoolroom direction. They modify and adapt the course of study to scholars of different demands and abilities.
6. Individual Teacher
Transform the course of study into meaningful learning experiences for scholars through direction. has a major duty of developing educational experiences of higher quality for scholars There are external and internal enablers to the educational system or conditions at assorted degrees that permit and provide the encouragement and support for curricular reform attempts. In the Filipino scene. new statute law. public sentiment about the province of instruction. technological progresss. social every bit good as industry demands and outlooks had paved the manner for the alteration of the course of study in the yesteryear.
An Important Enabler
Handiness of financess
is considered as an of import enabler because even in the presence of allowing conditions. the determination to set about major curricular reform activities in the Philippine educational system finally depends on it. Nationwide course of study betterment is an project that needs sufficient support.
What are external enablers?
are external allowing conditions or forces outside the school system that support course of study alterations. These forces can give impact on the inputs of the system which accordingly affect the subsystems. : 1. legislation- Mandatory in third degrees: instruction of the plants of Dr. Jose Rizal 2. public sentiment – Sing the hapless quality of direction 3. instruction surveies – EDCOM’s findings to based alterations in simple and secondary course of study 4. technological progresss – Inclusion of Computer instruction 5. social demands- Value transmutation so inclusion Valuess education in secondary instruction 6. industry demands – Mismatch between competences of school Graduates and industry demands
The EDCOM Study as an External Enabler
The Congressional Committee on Education ( EDCOM ) was created by the legislators in 1992 to carry on a comprehensive survey on Philippine instruction. It was chaired by Senator Edgardo Angara.
The findings of the survey finally became the bases for educational policy reforms. What did EDCOM propose and urge based from the study?
Revision of the course of study design for simple and secondary instruction Revision of the ratio between academic and vocational classs. Changes of contact hours and figure of school yearss for both simple and secondary course of study. What were the alterations of course of study of simple and secondary instruction as proposed by EDCOM? Elementary:
Addition in the figure of school yearss per twelvemonth
Addition in the day-to-day category clip by 36 %
Addition in study clip for critical topics
National Elementary Achievement Test ( NEAT )
Addition in the figure of school yearss in a twelvemonth by 8 %
Addition in the day-to-day category clip by 33 %
Addition in contact clip for academic topics
National Secondary Achievement Test ( NSAT )
What were the structural and policy alterations on instructor development constituents as recommended by EDCOM? Professionalization of instructors and learning
Clear calling service waies
Teachers’ public assistance and benefits betterment
Improvement of pre-service instructor instruction
Basic Education Curriculum ( BEC )
Designed to raise the quality of Filipino scholars and alumnuss and more significantly to authorise them to go womb-to-tomb scholars through the attainment of functional literacy. There was a restructuring of larning countries into five: Filipino. English. Science and Technology. Mathematicss and Makabayan that differentiate BEC from PRODED and SEDP.