The Bill of Rights is the 10 amendments of the United States Constitution. They were foremost introduced by James Madison in 1789. These amendments protect the cardinal rights of citizens by curtailing the powers of the federal authorities. These rights provide freedom of address. faith. bear weaponries and freedom from hunt and barbarous penalty. Congress can besides can non enforce the decease punishment or prehend the belongings of any person without the due procedure of tribunals. The Bill of Rights remains the cardinal papers of the American authorities and legal system.
It besides embodies the freedom and civilization of the state. The First Amendment of the United States prevents Congress from doing statute law that establishes any faith. prohibits freedom of faith. restricts freedom of address and imperativeness or limits the right to piece peacefully. The establishing male parents did non desire an official Church to be established in the new state. The British had established the Church of England as the official church of Britain. This Church was besides the official church in some of the settlements. The establishing male parents believed that this limited their freedom of faith.
They besides believed that authorities should non prefer any one faith because it would take to spiritual intolerance. Indeed the primary map of migration to North America was to get away the spiritual and economic persecution nowadays in Europe. Anti British publications disseminated information sing maltreatments of the colonial regulation. Further anyone with pro British sentiments was silenced or intimidated. The establishing male parents hence passed this amendment in order to guarantee that tolerance of different thoughts and look were allowed ( Hoffman. 1997 ) .
The Second Amendment of the United States Constitution allows the creative activity of a reserves and the right of people to maintain and bear weaponries. The creative activity of a reserves was taken from England which had passed a jurisprudence in 1689 giving the right to bear weaponries. The right to maintain weaponries protected the American settlers from Indian onslaughts and European enemies of Britain. These weaponries would besides be utile for the settlers when they declared their independency from Britain. The establishing male parents besides believed that the English jurisprudence restricts the citizens of England to bear and maintain weaponries to Protestants.
Poor people can non utilize arms for runing intents. Further they besides believed that a cosmopolitan reserves is the best defence against foreign aggression ( Hoffman. 1997 ) . The Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution helps protect the citizens from illegal hunts and ictuss conducted by political authorization. The British used writs of aid which were general hunt warrants after its pilotage Torahs were being ignored by American settlers. The establishing male parents did non desire this type of illegal hunt and ictus to be conducted by the American authorities.
This was the ground why the Fourth Amendment was passed ( Hoffman. 1997 ) . The Third Amendment prohibits the authorities from leting soldiers to be lodged into the private places of civilians. The establishing male parents wanted to forestall the authorities from leting this as the British had done before the American Revolution. Harmonizing to the Quartering Act. British military personnels could lodge in private places and utilize whatever resources were needed to keep subject and morale ( Hoffman. 1997 ) . The Eight Amendment prohibits barbarous penalty and inordinate mulcts.
In England. the power to allow bonds to felons was in the custodies of sheriffs. This would take to maltreatments in power. Despite a jurisprudence passed by the English parliament. the jurisprudence was still subverted. The establishing male parents sought to control this English jurisprudence after independency to forestall the authorities from enforcing inordinate mulcts and barbarous penalty ( Hoffman. 1997 ) . The Fifth Amendment of the US Constitution allows accused felons to be provided with due procedure of jurisprudence and forbids dual hazard. It besides prevents the physical testimony of a individual against himself or herself.
The British colonial legal system was flawed as it did non give felons the due procedure during legal proceedings. It did non protect the persons from political or spiritual enemies. It was misused by anyone who wanted to settle tonss with anyone. The establishing male parents of the United States of America did non desire this to happen. This Amendment therefore calls for the constitution of impartial expansive juries which would protect felons from false accusals or maltreatment of jurisprudence. It besides prevents the strong belief of a individual once more if he has served prison for one offense.
The Amendments of the US Bills of Rights which were incorporated into the US Constitution are the foundation of the country’s legal system. authorities and civilization. They guarantee the protection of the rights of persons and curtail the ability of the Federal authorities to enforce Torahs which would conflict on the civil autonomies of the people. Mentions: Ronald Hoffman. The Bill of Rights: Government Proscribed. University Press of Virginia for the United States Capitol Historical Society. 1997.