Advocacy in Human Services Essay

Under the Rainbow Inc. began when a group of four socially witting people discovered a desperate demand for quality. indifferent public assistance support without bias or boundary lines and became an ‘incorporated association’ in February 2007.

Since its origin. Under the Rainbow Inc. has been committed to excellence in the bringing of societal public assistance services based on their rules of charity. attention and compassion. A scope of services designed to advance independency and to heighten quality of life are provided by Under the Rainbow. all of which encompass attention and support of local community members. in peculiar those who require alleviation from poorness and/or the dependants of any such individuals. Advocacy is the primary function of instance managers’ who volunteer at Under The Rainbow and in this human service puting and any other it is indispensable for services to be provided accurately.

This essay will specify protagonism in a human services context every bit good as discourse the type of protagonism that is good to clients in this chosen human service puting. In decision. this essay will besides depict issues that Under The Rainbow have encountered whilst implementing protagonism and alteration and the manner the current political clime can consequence their ability to prosecute in protagonism and present quality human services.

Whilst the definition of protagonism in general is wide. in human service and societal work pattern protagonism is basically the procedure of protecting human rights or to alter discriminatory or opprobrious intervention to the vulnerable. whether working with an person or a group ( Corey. Corey & A ; Callanan. 1998 ) .

Human service workers all act as advocators in the class of their work ( Sorensen and Black. 2001 ) and the Australian Association of Social Workers ‘Code of Ethics’ ( 2002 ) supports this position mentioning. ‘The societal worker will recommend for alterations in policy. service bringing and societal conditions which enhance the chances for those most vulnerable in the community’ nevertheless Forbat and Atkinson ( 2005 ) argue that protagonism is ‘not societal work. but its rules and values resonate closely’ . Regardless of 1s definition. the ‘key concept’ in the impression of any type of protagonism. is that it requires at least three parties: the client. the advocator and ‘the other side’ ( School of Health and Human Services. 2007 ) .

Literature suggests that the differing types of protagonism seem every bit wide as its definition and a figure of different types of protagonism exist. nevertheless within Under the Rainbow’s human service model they are predominately concerned with ‘individual’ or ‘case’ protagonism. Harmonizing to Hepworth & A ; Larsen ( 1993 ) . instance protagonism is a manner to ‘obtain resources or services for clients that would non otherwise be provided’ and this theory underlies Under the Rainbows belief that to recommend for a client is ‘to conveying about some signifier of personal and/or societal change’ ( School of Health and Human Services. 2007 ) .

Under the Rainbow is a voluntary community based administration which now boasts a rank of 65 persons. many of whom work with clients as advocators for alteration. The end for each voluntary who manages instances for Under the Rainbow is to advance just. equal. and humane intervention through fundraising. charity proviso ( nutrient and vesture ) . public assistance work and societal action against unfairness for the disadvantaged. Under the Rainbow’s societal work pattern is chiefly concerned with implementing alterations in the local community to help in poorness alleviation to predominately ‘voluntary’ clients ( Barker. 1991 ) . though some are referred.

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While the bulk of Under the Rainbows’ charity work is concerned with ‘lending a hand’ materially and financially. they besides work one-on-one with clients to find why they ‘needed a hand’ in the first topographic point and therefore consider both facets of their human service bringing signifiers of ‘advocating’ . However there is some statement as to whether charity and advocating is in fact the same thing. The averment by L’Hirondelle ( 2002 ) that charity work ‘simply means offering one-on-one aid without attempt to give people the chance to take part in working with others to alter their situation’ is challenged at Under the Rainbow who believe ’empowerment’ of a client is both valuable and indispensable.

Persons who seek aid from Under the Rainbow frequently see themselves as ‘powerless’ and unable to do alterations in their lives and unhappily. those who are discriminated against. are frequently the most vulnerable. Under the Rainbow clients can be distinguished by many inequalities affecting societal issues in countries such as power. authorization. and wealth. working and living conditions. wellness. life style. gender. instruction. faith. and civilization. Because the nature of Under the Rainbow is predominately a charity. they realise some of the clients who ask for public assistance aid will non desire to be involved in any farther actions for altering their state of affairs and staff may merely be required to ‘advocate’ one time. However. they know from experience there are merely as many of their clients who will desire to acquire involved and connect with others in order to work together for societal and personal ’empowerment’ .

To clear up authorization farther. Shulman ( 2005 ) states that the empowerment procedure involves ‘engaging the client. household. group. or community in developing strengths to personally and politically cope’ and a figure of ’empowerment’ workshops and programmes covering issues such as budgeting. self-pride and parenting are implemented at Under the Rainbow to ease this.

Clients besides frequently need aids when covering with other bureaus and a Justice of the Peace service and aid with missive composing. telephone and electronic correspondence is besides offered. Often clients feel they have been treated below the belt by other protagonism and jurisprudence agency’s and disputing another organisation’s concluding. on a clients behalf or as an person can be referred to as ‘persuasion advocacy’ ( Reardon. 2001 ) . Many times composing a missive or affecting jurisprudence enforcement bureaus to negociate a point has been successful for Under the Rainbow and their clients to farther instil ’empowerment’ .

Therefore. Under the Rainbow staff believe offering an single aid. whether through the distribution of food markets or an activity similar to the 1s discussed above. is seen as authorization for societal alteration. Under the Rainbow ‘advocate’ for and ’empower’ their clients. conveying people together where they are so able to take action to alter their state of affairs. Schneider & A ; Lester ( 2001 ) include authorization in their definition as portion of the pattern of protagonism and conclude that ‘this value is based on the belief that persons have strengths to get cognition. go self-asserting. and develop accomplishments. and through societal work protagonism. these strengths can be set in motion’ .

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Vanessa. who has worked with Under the Rainbow for nine months provinces. ‘when I interview clients. I encourage and pay attending to the capable individual I see in forepart of me. My focal point as an advocator is ne’er on their old history. as there is nil I can make personally to alter it. The importance for me is what the client wants from life and how it can be achieved’ ( Pers comm. 2/4/08 ) . Whilst working as an advocate Vanessa does non anticipate nor necessitate a client to self-disclose. nevertheless they normally do. which Vanessa defines as a relationship based on trust and common regard.

Respecting the privateness rights and confidentiality of Under the Rainbow’s clients is highly of import and they believe that first-class ethical behavior must be practiced in order to be a believable community advocator. Cultural. linguistic communication. disablement and other adjustments are besides provided for. If personal struggles of involvement should happen the advocator will step aside and inquire for aid from another party. As Under the Rainbow is are self-acting. ethical decision-making and the procedure of critical contemplation. rating and judgement ‘through which a practician resolves ethical issues. jobs and dilemmas’ ( Trevino. 1986 ) is highly of import in both a personal and professional context.

Equally good as single and personal advocating. fade outing barriers and constructing a sense of community on a local degree. Under The Rainbow promote ‘global consciousness’ and pride themselves on their wide worldview and high consciousness of the inter-relatedness and sacredness of all living things. All Under the Rainbow Inc. members are active. both personally and professionally. in many societal spheres facing a wide scope of societal and political issues. Advocacy of this type. which refers to a connexion with societal movements’ . is known as ‘activist’ or ’cause’ protagonism ( Healy. 2000 ) and frequently involves ‘active unfavorable judgment of or battle with authorities policies and practices’ ( School of Health and Human Services. 2007 ) .

Many members of Under the Rainbow have strong lobbying and media accomplishments and some of their more outstanding parts and support include subscriptions and ranks to other protagonism groups and administrations such as New Internationalist Magazine. Bush Heritage Australia. Amnesty International and Greenpeace every bit good as Autochthonal administrations. animate being and environmental protection groups and involvements in many other diverse planetary militant platforms. Under the Rainbow has besides purchased and helped works 1000s of trees in South East Queensland through the Queensland Folk Federation at the Woodford Folk Festival site.

Under the Rainbow is self-sufficing and every bit yet to have any authorities support. Trusting on contributions from its members and the general populace to back up their services is successful. but frequently unpredictable and can do defeat when resources are limited. However. being an incorporated association means that Under the Rainbow is merely accountable to themselves. their givers. members. clients and community. Not being affiliated with any authorities. church or societal bureau means they are non capable to any other types of answerability normally required under public auspice and this is preferred. Under the Rainbows undertakings. which are both wide and long-range. draw merely on single and group protagonism skills from its rank pool. preferring to stay sole and non out-source aid from other bureaus.

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In recent old ages. new set of thoughts. such as protagonism. consumerism. authorization. engagement. and anti-discriminatory patterns have all influenced societal work pattern and this has had an impact on societal work values. This new set of thoughts is referred to as ‘radical values’ ( Adams et al. 2002 ) and are concerned with ambitious subjugation and favoritism. it is within this value system that Under the Rainbow continues to run.

Advocacy is basically the procedure of standing up for the rights of others who are being below the belt treated ( Sorenson and Black. 2001 ) and has the possible to convey important and sustainable alteration for the better. It can authorise persons and communities and bring forth many resources whilst conveying diverse administrations together to work on common issues. Effective protagonism takes specific accomplishments. committedness. attempt. resources. doggedness. wisdom and coaction all of which are faced by the Under the Rainbow voluntaries on a day-to-day footing.

The instance directors at Under the Rainbow realise they need to successfully get the hang the accomplishments needed to be an advocator. which takes clip and experience. They are besides cognizant that larning to be persuasive and utilizing resources available to them will increase their degree of competency and better assure a positive result for both themselves and their clients.

I am proud to be a member of Under the Rainbow and my engagement in the ambitious albeit really honoring enterprises to ease protagonism for alteration in this little but powerful association.

REFERENCE LIST

Adams. R. . Dominelli. L. . & A ; Payne. M. . ( 2002 ) . Social Work. Themes. Issues and Critical Debates ( 2nd ed. ) . Palgrave. Basingstoke.

Australian Association of Social Workers ( 2002 ) . Code of Ethics. Retrieved April 2nd. 2008. AASW Website: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. aasw. asn. au/adobe/about/AASW_Code_of_EthicsCorey. G. . Corey. M. . & A ; Callanan. P. . ( 1998 ) . Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions. Brooks/Cole. USA.

Forbat. L. . & A ; Atkinson. D. . ( 2005 ) . Advocacy in Practice: The Troubled Position of Advocates in Adult Services. British Journal of Social Work. 35:3. pp. 321-335Healy. K. . ( 2000 ) . Social Work Practices: Contemporary Positions on Change. Sage. London.

Hepworth. D. . & A ; Larsen. J. . ( 1993 ) . Direct Social Work Practice: Theory andSkills ( 4th ed. ) The Dorsey Press. Homewood. Illinois.

Supermex. L. K. . ( 1986 ) . Ethical Decision devising in Organizations: A Person-Situation Interactionist Model. The Academy of Management Review.
Vol. 11. No. 3. pp. 601-617.

L’Hirondelle. C. . ( 2002 ) . Features of Remedial Work vs. Social Change. Retrieved April 4th 2008. Victorian Status of Women ( SWAG ) Website: hypertext transfer protocol: //pacificcoast. net/~swag/index. htmlReardon. K. K. . ( 1991 ) . Persuasion in Practice. Sage Publications. Newbury Park. California.

Schneider. R. L. . & A ; Lester. L. . ( 2001 ) . ‘Advocacy: A New Definition’ . Social Work Advocacy. Brooks/Cole Publishing. Pacific Grove: California.

School of Health and Human Services. ( 2007 ) . Study Guide: Advocacy and Change. Southern Cross University. Lismore.

Shulman. L. . ( 2005 ) . Skills of Helping Individuals. Families. Groups and Communities. Wadsworth Printing Company. USA.

Sorenson. H. . & A ; Black. L. . ( 2001 ) . Advocacy and Ageing. Australasian Journal on Aging. Vol. 20. 3. Supplement 2. pp. 27-34.