This paper will compare and contrast the different experiences of two separate writers during the 19th and 20th century in America. The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass relates events that happened to him in the nineteenth century and how he overcame them. Douglass went from a life of bondage. to freedom and became a talker and author on the immoralities work forces commit against each other. James Baldwin the writer of The Fire Next Time. shows alterations and battles that occurred over one hundred old ages after the Emancipation Proclamation declared Negroes free American Citizens. Baldwin can non understand why in a state characterized worldwide with freedom are white and black merely colour marks displayed? ( 54-55 ) . However. there are two sides for the grounds of the societal dislocation of integrity among people in United States.
Douglass became a outstanding universe renowned talker and author on the abolishment of bondage. His addresss chiefly focused on his first manus experiences as a southern slave. He used Reverend Rigby Hopkins as an illustration to demo the barbarous intervention given by some spiritual leaders in the South. who invented grounds to use the whip to some slaves on Monday ( Douglass. 47 ) . Slave proprietors were impressed with the repute of Mr. Covey as a “well trained-negro ledgeman and slave-driver” after one twelvemonth a slave would be returned to his proprietor tantrum for responsibility ( Douglass. 34. 45. 46 ) . The audience was besides engaged by his sense of wit. when he told about interrupting the slave ledgeman Edward Covey ( Douglass. 42-43 ) . However. non all slave proprietors were barbarous Mr. Freeland was the best maestro Douglass had until he became his ain maestro ( Douglass. 49 ) . Douglass had enough to eat and clip to eat it unlike the twelvemonth he spent with Mr. Covey ( 36 ) .
Douglass subsequently included information about the racial state of affairs in the North. Further he reminded people that a black adult male could non ever find work even in Massachusetts. However. he relates that some white people provided him with safety and shelter. like Mr. David Ruggles who proved a beloved and permanent friend ( Douglass. 64-65 ) . Truman established the “Anti-Lynching laws” to vouch black electors rights. ended the canvass revenue enhancement and literacy trial to forestall Blacks from voting in the South. Truman established a lasting bureau to advance equal employment chances for all Americans. Some black work forces were assaulted or killed in the South for exerting their right to vote. White and black work forces were killed in public violences in the early portion of the 20th century in the North. Truman used his executive power to integrate the armed forces of the United States in 1948. Prior to World War II 80 % of black people lived in the South and were employed in the agriculture industry.
Baldwin lived through public violences started by white and black American in metropoliss across the state caused by imagined and existent unfairnesss. Baldwin disagrees that force is the reply to the jobs in American society. he feels that non-violent action can convey about alteration because white work forces value their lives. self-image and do non desire their belongings threatened ( 59 ) . Even. though President Lincoln had “Emanicipated” the Negro in 1865. he was still non free one hundred old ages subsequently during the 1950s and 1960s. African Americans still endure unfair intervention at the custodies of white barmans and policement. harmonizing to the jurisprudence he is quilty until proved inexperienced person in most instances. Martin Luther King said we will non obey unfair Torahs. The white power construction of America is threatened by the black man’s refusal to accept their definition of the universe ( 69 ) .
Baldwin was startled to happen that things had non changed in his absence. he was still called a nigga and a male child at the age of 37 and denied service at some bars and constitutions ( Baldwin. 55 ) . WEB Dubois identified the job of the Negro as the colour line. Baldwin realized that colour remains a major political world that would likely go on into the 21st century. He wrote the Fire Next Time to fix his nephew and future coevalss of his household for the coming storm. The first clip immorality were destroyed it was by H2O. in the hereafter it will be by fire ( 104 ) .
The Civil Rights Era brought many positive alterations for the Negro in United States. Both Black and white people joined together to demand equal rights and the Torahs of the land be enforced by the authorities. However. the President Lyndon B. Johnson enacted and enforced the Torahs refering equality for American citizens. he wrote the civil rights act of 1964.
Both Douglass and Baldwin relate the on-going battle for the fusion of America. The moral is that a state divided can non stand expression at the Soviet Union. Citizens of a state who live in fright sometime respond to that fright by fall backing to force. Violence has been committed on both sides and is non the reply. I agree with both authors that education opens doors to chances for African Americans. nevertheless. I besides feel that the yesteryear is of import to making a hereafter of integrity in America. Hate exists in the heads of white and black Americans and the lone manner it can be concured is through unconditioned love. Work force must larn to love one another or we are doomed to The Fire Next Time and the suicide of world. When both black and white work forces begin to understand themselves the colour line will vanish.
Baldwin. James. The Fire Next Time. Random House Inc. . New York. 1962.
Frederick. Douglass. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Dover Publications. Inc. New York. 1995.